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Distribution map of Fortified Bridges England

List of Medieval Fortified Bridges in England

The narrowness of bridges combined with the fact they cross a long linear obstacle has always made them a place which is defensible. However a number of medieval bridges had gates in gatehouses, either on the bridge itself, or at one end of the bridge, which made these bridges fortified. Some also had drawbridges, although in some cases these may have actually been raisable bridges to allow masted vessels to pass under the bridge. In practice it may be these gates were mainly gates to control traffic and ease the collection of tolls and many bridges had simple bar gates for such a purpose. A number of bridges also had chapels or even hospitals (probably in the medieval sense of visitors lodging houses) on them which, again, may have had a role in toll collection. The toll may also have been taken as a 'voluntary' charitable donation.
Questionable or Doubtful
Confidence is a statement of the site as a medieval fortification


Name Alternative Name(s) County Remains
Banbury Bridge East Bridge; Millstream Bridge Oxfordshire masonry footings
Barnstaple Long Bridge Devonshire masonry ruins/remnants
Bath St. Lawrence's Bridge Somerset no visible
Bedford Bridge Bedfordshire no visible
Bewdley Bridge Worcestershire no visible
Bridge of St John, Lechlade Gloucestershire no visible
Bridgnorth Severn Bridge Shropshire masonry footings
Bridgwater Bridge Brugewauter Somerset no visible
Bristol Avon Bridge Gloucestershire no visible
Bristol Bridewell Bridge Monken-brigge; Monk's bridge; Monken bridge Gloucestershire no visible
Burton Upon Trent Bridge Staffordshire no visible
Chester Dee Bridge Handbridge Cheshire masonry footings
Derby St Mary's Bridge Derbyshire masonry ruins/remnants
Doncaster St Mary's Bridge Donecastre Yorkshire no visible
Durham Elvet Bridge Durham masonry ruins/remnants
Durham Framwellgate Bridge Old Bridge; Framagate Durham masonry footings
Exebridge Exe Bridge Devonshire masonry ruins/remnants
Gateshead Bridge Gate Newcastle-upon-Tyne Bridge Durham masonry footings
Gloucester Westgate Bridge Great Bridge Gloucestershire no visible
Hereford Wye Bridge Herefordshire masonry footings
London Bridge London and Middlesex no visible
Manchester Hanging Bridge and Town Defences Old Man Castle; Hanging Ditch Lancashire masonry footings
Morpeth Old Bridge Chantry footbridge Northumberland masonry footings
Newton Cap Bridge Newtonbridge; Bishop Skirlaw's Bridge Durham major building
Norwich Bishop Bridge Norfolk masonry ruins/remnants
Oxford Grandpont Folly Bridge; South Bridge; Grauntpount; Friar Bacon's Bridge; New Gate Oxfordshire no visible
Oxford Magdalen Bridge Petty Pont; East Bridge Oxfordshire no visible
Rochester Medway Bridge Kent masonry ruins/remnants
Shrewsbury English Bridge Old Stone Bridge; Monks Bridge; Abbey Bridge; East Bridge Shropshire masonry footings
Shrewsbury Welsh Bridge St George's Bridge; Walshebrugge; Walshemanne's Brigge; Welch Bridge; Walche bridge Shropshire masonry footings
Stamford Bridge, Lincolnshire Lincolnshire masonry footings
Wallingford Bridge Berkshire masonry ruins/remnants
Warkworth Bridge Gate Northumberland major building
Warwick Old Castle Bridge Warwickshire masonry ruins/remnants
Worcester Bridge Worcestershire no visible
York Layerthorpe Bridge Leirfordbrigende; Laterop Postern; Peasholme Green Postern Yorkshire no visible
Barnard Castle Bridge Durham major building
Bury St Edmunds Eastgate Bridge Suffolk no visible
Chippenham Bridge Wiltshire no visible
Chiselhampton Bridge Oxfordshire masonry ruins/remnants
Oxford Hythe Bridge High Bridge Oxfordshire no visible
Slapton Ley Bridge defence Pool Farm; Pole; Poole Devonshire no visible
Upper Arley Bridge Worcestershire no visible

This listing was last updated on Friday, April 10, 2015

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