The comprehensive gazetteer and bibliography of the medieval castles, fortifications and palaces of England, Wales, the Islands.
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In 1227 Aug 17, Henrico de Aldithele (Henry de Audley) was granted, by Henry III, (In year 11 of his reign) a Royal licence to crenellate Radeclif (Redcastle)
Pro Henrico Henrico de Aldithele. - Rex omnibus etc. salutem. Sciatis quod concessimus et licentiam dedimus Henrico de Aldithele quod libere et sine inpedimento firmare possit quoddam castrum super terram suam de Radeclif. In cujus etc. Teste ut supra. {Teste rege, apud Wudestok, xvij die Augusti.} (CPR)

Granted at Woodstock. Grant by King.


King writes "The fact that the name Red-Castle does not appear is clear evidence that this was a first foundation. Henry had obtained the site, the rock of Radecliffe', with other property, from Maud Lestrange the same year (Cal. Charter Rolls, i, 37): it is clear why he wanted it."

Original source is;

(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)

Significant later sources are;

Audley, Henry (1175-1246)
Audley, Henry (d. 1246), baron. Between 1217 and 1220 Audley was sheriff of Shropshire and Staffordshire as the earl's deputy. Between 1217 and 1245 Audley was regularly employed on the Welsh marches, frequently negotiating truces with the Welsh and arbitrating on breaches of the truce and on boundary disputes. In 1245 he took part in the relief of Diserth Castle. On the king's behalf he repaired the castles at Shrawardine (1220) and Mold (1241–2): on his own he strengthened Audley and Hodnet castles and built the new fortress of Redcastle in Shropshire, licensed in 1237. (Walker)

Biographical source include;

More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.

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Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.