The comprehensive gazetteer and bibliography of the medieval castles, fortifications and palaces of England, Wales, the Islands.
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In 1292 June 20, Willielmus de Bello Campo, Comes Warr. (William Beauchamp) was granted, by Edward I, (In year 20 of his reign) a Royal licence to crenellate Hamslape (Castle Thorpe)
Licence for William de Bello Campo, earl of Warwick, to make a wall of stone and lime round a garden (viridarium) within his dwelling-house of Hamslape, and to crenellate the same. (CPR)

Willielmus de Bello Campo, Comes Warr. ... quendam murum circa quoddam viridarium infra mansum suum de ... Hamslape. (Turner and Parker)

Granted at Berwick-on-Tweed.


King writes this licence was for a garden wall only; however it is possible to interpret the wording to mean the house. "to make a wall ... round a garden within his dwelling house ... and to crenellate the same" is the 'the same' the wall or the dwelling house? An additional issue is a garden within the dwelling house.

Original source is;

(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)

Significant later sources are;

Beauchamp, William (IV) de, ninth earl of Warwick (c.1238–1298)
Beauchamp, William (IV) de, ninth earl of Warwick (c.1238–1298). He was present at the council at Westminster on 12 November 1276, when the legal process against Llywelyn ap Gruffudd was recited and the decision was made to go to war. Warwick was much employed by the crown in matters concerning Wales and the Welsh marches. He earned some distinction in his military career, not only in Wales but also on Edward I's early campaigns in Scotland. As part of the preparations for the first Welsh campaign he was made captain of Chester and Lancaster in November 1276. (Coss)

Biographical source include;

More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.

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Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.