The comprehensive gazetteer and bibliography of the medieval castles, fortifications and palaces of England, Wales, the Islands.
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In 1328 April 12, R. the bishop, the canons and the citizens were granted, by Edward III, (In year 2 of his reign) a Royal licence to crenellate New Salisbury (Salisbury City Defences)
... New Salisbury should be a free city enclosed with dikes; and whereas R. the bishop, the canons and the citizens have petitioned for licence to enclose, fortify and crenellate the said city with a wall of stone and mortar (Calce) and to build proper turrets upon the wall for the safer keeping of the city in the future; the king has granted the licence so prayed, with power to repair the said wall and turrets as needful; (CChR)

Granted at Stamford. Grant by privy seal and by fine of 20l.


An inspeximus and confirmation of previous charters (Doncaster, 15 December, 9 Edward II (Vol. 3 p. 290) and Westminster, 28 May, 34 Edward I (Vol. 3 p. 67), which made Sailsbury a free city. This charter additionally licences the building of walls and turrets. The charter also grants numerous other benefits to the citizens of Salisbury.

Original source is;

(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)

Significant later sources are;

Roger Martival
The bishop was Roger Martival. He was elected about 11 June 1315 and consecrated on 28 September 1315. He died 14 March 1330

Biographical source include;

More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.

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Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.