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In 1329 Jan 25, Willielmus le Caleys [Galeys] (William Galeys) was granted, by Edward III, (In year 3 of his reign) a Royal licence to crenellate Walle (Wall, Herefordshire)
Licence for William le Galeys to crenellate his dwelling house atte Walle, co. Hereford. By p.s. (CPR)

Willielmus le Caleys ... mansum suum apud ... Walle., Heref. (Turner and Parker)

Granted at St. Albans. Grant by privy seal.


A licence to crenellate was granted to William Galeys in 1329. There are numerous possible Wall placenames such as Walford or Craswall.

If the name is William le Galeys this would translate as William the welshman. Gatehouse doubts this is the same person recorded in Edward III's Wardrobe accounts of the late 1330's as "William le Galeys who asserts that he is the father of the present king" and "William Galeys who calls himself king of England, father of the present king", who, it is supposed, was Edward II - escaped from Berkley castle and living in near anonymous exile in Europe. (For discussion on this figure and Edward II death see Mortimer, Ian, 2010, Medieval Intrigue: Decoding Royal Conspiracies (London and New York: Continuum))

Site unlocated and grantee unidentified.

Original source is;

(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)

Significant later sources are;

More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.

Please do inform Gatehouse if you see any errors, can add information or can otherwise help to improve this resource. Please contact Gatehouse.

Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.