The comprehensive gazetteer and bibliography of the medieval castles, fortifications and palaces of England, Wales, the Islands.
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In 1330 May 12, Radulphus de Bulmere (Ralph Bulmer) was granted, by Edward III, (In year 4 of his reign) a Royal licence to crenellate Wilton in Clivelande (Wilton Castle, Redcar in Cleveland)
Licence for Ralph de Bulmere to crenellate and turrellate his dwelling house of Wilton in Cliveland, co. York, and to convert the same into a castle. By p.s. (CPR)

Radulphus de Bulmere ... mansum ... Wilton, in Clivelande, Ebor. (Turner and Parker)

Granted at Woodstock. Grant by privy seal.


A rare use of the phrase 'make into a castle'. Such expressions may or may not be arbitrary and something other than a crenellated domestic house may have been intended at Wilton. However, the tower there was demolished in the early C19 so it is not possible to be certain.

Original source is;

(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)

Significant later sources are;

Ralph Bulmer (1285-1356/7)
Ralph was summoned to parliament in 1327 as a baron, sheriff of Yorkshire 1330-1332.

More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.

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Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.