The comprehensive gazetteer and bibliography of the medieval castles, fortifications and palaces of England, Wales, the Islands.
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In 1335 Jan 31, Johannes Lercedekne (John Le Erchedkne; John le Ercedekene; John l' Archdekne) was granted, by Edward III, (In year 9 of his reign) a Royal licence to crenellate Lanihorn (Ruan Lanihorne Castle)
Licence for John Lercedekne to crenellate his dwelling-place of Larihorn, co. Cornwall. By p.s. (CPR)

Johannes Lercedekne ... mansum ... Lanihorn., Cornub. (Turner and Parker)

Granted at Roxburgh. Grant by privy seal.

Original source is;

(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)

Significant later sources are;

John l' Archdekne (1306-1377), 2nd Baron Warine
John l' Archdekne (1306-1377), 2nd Baron Warine. Father had died in 1331. Was summoned to parliament as a baron but otherwise seems an undistinguished individual.

More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.

Please do inform Gatehouse if you see any errors, can add information or can otherwise help to improve this resource. Please contact Gatehouse.

Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.