The comprehensive gazetteer and bibliography of the medieval castles, fortifications and palaces of England, Wales, the Islands.
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In 1340 Feb 4, Thomas de Blemansopp (Thomas de Blencansopp) was granted, by Edward III, (In year 14 of his reign) a Royal licence to crenellate Blemansopp in Marchi. Scociae [Blencansopp] (Blenkinsopp Castle)
Licence for Thomas de Blencansopp to crenellate his dwelling-place of Blencansopp in the march of Scotland. By letter of the Keeper. (CPR)

Thomas de Blemansopp ... mansum ... Blemansoppe in Marchia. Scocia. (Turner and Parker)

Granted at Kennington. Grant by letter of the Keeper.


This licence issued by the 'Custos Anglia' in the King's name at Kennington was repeated or ratified in May.

Original source is;

(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)

Significant later sources are;

Thomas de Blenkinsop
The Blenkinsop's, in various spellings, were a knightly family in the area and this Thomas was probably a knight but Gatehouse can not identify a clear biography.

More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.

Please do inform Gatehouse if you see any errors, can add information or can otherwise help to improve this resource. Please contact Gatehouse.

Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.