Thomas Ughtred (1291-1365)
Thomas Ughtred (1291-1365), soldier, with prolonged service in Scotland and France. Held extensive lands in Yorkshire.
In July 1340, as Edward III was preparing to besiege Tournai, Ughtred was attached to a secondary force, led by Robert of Artois, that attempted to take St Omer. Although the expedition was unsuccessful, Ughtred's English archers distinguished themselves in the confused fighting outside St Omer on 26 July. Having returned from France, he continued to see active service against the Scots, as during the winter of 13412, but he was as much concerned with his own affairs at this time. In February 1342 he obtained a licence to crenellate his manors at Kexby and Moor Monkton, Yorkshire, while a surviving carpenter's contract shows that, in the previous year, he had embarked on building work at another of his Yorkshire properties, probably Brandsby. Ughtred was summoned to parliament on 20 April 1344 and took part in Edward III's continental expeditions in 13457. Serving under Thomas Beauchamp, earl of Warwick (d. 1369), Ughtred was sub-marshal of the royal army that landed in Normandy in July 1346 and won the battle of Crécy on 26 August... His last campaign in France was in 135960, when he brought to Edward III's army a retinue of 19 men-at-arms and 20 archers. At about this time Ughtred was admitted into the Order of the Garter, and occupied the stall vacated on the death of Sir Henry Eam. (Ayton)
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