The comprehensive gazetteer and bibliography of the medieval castles, fortifications and palaces of England, Wales, the Islands.
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In 1347 Dec 1, Humfridus de Bohun, Comes Hereford (Humphrey de Bohun, 6th earl of Hereford and 5th earl of Essex) was granted, by Edward III, (In year 21 of his reign) a Royal licence to crenellate Apechilde (Absol Park)
Licence for Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford, to grant to Margaret late the wife of John de Bohun,earl of Hereford14l. of rent in the town of Wersle, co. Huntingdon, said to be held in chief, to hold for her life by the name of dower out of lands of her late husband, in exchange for the manor of Depeden, co. Essex, likewise said to be held in chief, which she now holds in dower. By p.s.
Licence for the same earl to crenellate his manor in the park of Apechild. By p.s. (CPR)

manerium (Turner and Parker)

Granted at Westminster. Grant by privy seal.


Numerous Bohun manors, including this one, were licenced on Dec 22.

Original source is;

(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)

Significant later sources are;

Humphrey de Bohun (1309-1361), 6th earl of Hereford and 5th earl of Essex
Humphrey de Bohun (1309-1361), 6th earl of Hereford and 5th earl of Essex. Lord High Constable of England 1335-1361 (the office was hereditary). Cousin to the King. As Lord High Constable Humphrey must have played a part in the successful French wars (His younger brother William, a close friend of Edward III, commanded the right flank at Crecy.)

More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.

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Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.