The comprehensive gazetteer and bibliography of the medieval castles, fortifications and palaces of England, Wales, the Islands.
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In 1353 Oct 5, Willielmus, Baro de Craystok (William, baron of Greystoke) was granted, by Edward III, (In year 27 of his reign) a Royal licence to crenellate Craystok (Greystoke Castle)
Licence for William, baron of Craystok, to crenellate his dwelling-place of Craystok. By p.s. (CPR)

Willielmus, Baro de Craystok ... mansum ... Craystok, Cumbr. (Turner and Parker)

quod ipse mansum suum de Graystok muro de petra et calce firmare et kernellare et mansum illud sic firmatum et kernellatum tenere possit sibi et heredibus suis imperpetuum (VCH)

Granted at Westminster. Grant by privy seal.

Original source is;

(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)

Significant later sources are;

William Greystoke, second Lord Greystoke (1321–1359)
William Greystoke, second Lord Greystoke (1321–1359), was born and baptized at the family residence of Grimthorpe in Yorkshire on 6 January 1321 and, once he had achieved his majority in 1342, soon became embroiled in English campaigning on the continent: he was probably in Gascony in 1345–6, at the siege of Calais in 1347, and, perhaps, on the expedition of Henry, duke of Lancaster, to Prussia in 1351–2. In 1353 and again in 1354 he participated in unsuccessful Anglo-Scottish negotiations concerning the release of David II, king of Scots (an English prisoner since his capture at Nevilles Cross in 1346). In September 1354 Greystoke was appointed captain of the border town of Berwick: while he was absent campaigning once more in France it fell into Scottish hands in August 1355. (Dockray)

Biographical source include;

More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.

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Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.