The comprehensive gazetteer and bibliography of the medieval castles, fortifications and palaces of England, Wales, the Islands.
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In 1364 July 9, John de Delves was granted, by Prince Edward, The Black Prince, (In year 31 of his rule) a Chester licence to crenellate Dodynton (Doddington Tower)
Delves– John de, Kt., license to fortify and kernellate his mansion at Dodynton with stone chalk and wood, and to hold the same so fortified, to himself and his heirs. {38 & 39 Edw. III. m. 1d. (7), (8)} (36th Report DK)

July 4. London. Order to Master John de Brunham, the prince's clerk and chamberlain of Cestre, to make out the necessary charters, quit of the fee of the seal, in execution of a grant by the prince to Sir John Delves of licence to strengthen and crenellate with stone and lime his mansion ... (Reg. Black Prince)

Granted at London. Grant by letter of warrent out of Gascony.


King writes, citing page 522 that Ormerod gives no authority and "presumably a Chester licence.' Ormerod does give the Chester Recognizance Roll reference on page 519. The Black Prince was created earl of Chester in 1333.

Original source is;

(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)

Significant later sources are;

John de Delves (dspm 1369)
John de Delves (dspm 1369), the Black Prince's steward.

More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.

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Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.