In 1376 Oct 10, Nicholaus Benton (Ad requisitionem dilecti et fidelis nostri Willielmi de Monte Acuto, Comitis Sarum) (Nicholas Benton; Baynton; Bayntun) was granted, by Edward III, (In year 50 of his reign) a Royal licence to crenellate Fallardeston (Faulston)
Licence, at the request of William de Monte Acuto, earl of Salisbury, for Nicholas Benton to crenellate the walls of his houses in the manor Fallardeston, co. Wilts. By K. (CPR)
Nicholaus Benton (Ad requisitionem dilecti et fidelis nostri Willielmi de Monte Acuto, Comitis Sarum) ... muros domorum suarum in manerio suo de ... Fallardeston, Wilts. (Turner and Parker)
Granted at Westminster. Grant by King, at the request of William de Monte Acuto, earl of Salisbury.
Nicholas Benton (1358-1412) was only 18 at the time of the licence, having inherited the estate on his fathers death in 1372; presumably Monteagu had wardship. The Benton's (now normally spelt Bayntun) were minor landowners but only occasionally seem to have been knighted.
Original source is;
Lyte, H.C. Maxwell (ed), 1916, Calendar of Patent Rolls (1374-77) p. 353 online copy
(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation
of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be
noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or
early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect
the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to
the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)
Significant later sources are;
Emery, Anthony, 2006, Greater Medieval Houses Vol. 3 (Cambridge) p. 695 Turner, T.H. and Parker, J.H., 1859, Some account of Domestic Architecture in England (Oxford) Vol. 3 part 2 p. 417 online copy
Nicholas Benton (1358-1412)
William Montagu (William de Montacute), second earl of Salisbury (13281397), lord of Man and the Isle of Wight one of the great captains of Edward III French wars and founding member of the Order of the Garter.
More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.
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Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Wednesday, February 20, 2013.