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In 1458 May 5, Ralph Botiller, knight, lord of Sudeley (Sir Ralph Boteler) was granted, by Henry VI, (In year 36 of his reign) a Royal Pardon licence to crenellate More (The More, Rickmansworth)
General pardon to Ralph Botiller, knight, lord of Sudeley, for good service to Henry V and the king in France, Normandy and England from his youth up; pardon also to him of his trespasses in crenellating without licence his manors of Sudeley, co. Gloucester, and More, co. Hertford. By p.s. etc. (CPR)

Granted at Westminster. Grant by privy seal etc.


A general pardon to Ralph Botiller, for good service to Henry V and the king, added a specific pardon for crenellating without licence his manors of Sudeley and More.

Original source is;

(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)

Significant later sources are;

Boteler, Ralph, first Baron Sudeley (c.1394–1473)
Boteler, Ralph, first Baron Sudeley (c.1394–1473), soldier and administrator. Boteler had been made a Garter knight by April 1440, and on 6 June 1441 he became chamberlain of the king's household (a post he held until 1 April 1447). Three months later, on 10 September 1441, he was created Baron Sudeley by a royal letter patent which was authorized by parliament. He was the first peer to be created by Henry VI. He could have been Lord Sudeley by prescription and inheritance rather than by royal act, for his ancestors were lords of the barony of Sudeley, and John Sudeley had been summoned individually to parliaments in the reigns of Edward I and Edward II, but honouring Boteler as a baron by patent may have been prompted by his mother's still being possessed of the manor of Sudeley, the caput of the barony. On 7 July 1443 Sudeley became treasurer of England, in succession to Ralph, Lord Cromwell, holding that office until December 1446. By this time he had become a close associate of the earl of Suffolk, whom he replaced as steward of the royal household on 3 February 1447. He protested when Suffolk fell from power in 1450, but remained steward until 20 July 1457, even during the first protectorate of the duke of York, Suffolk's bitter rival—no doubt it helped that Sudeley had served with York in France. Sudeley did, however, stand with the king against York at the first battle of St Albans in 1455. After the accession of Edward IV in 1461 Sudeley fell out of national politics, though he attended Edward's first parliament, and remained a JP. (Reeves)

Biographical source include;

More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.

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Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.