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In 1462 Jan 20, the mayor and burgesses of Pole were granted, by Edward IV, (In year 1 of his reign) a Confirmation licence to crenellate Pole (Poole Town Wall)
Inspeximus and confirmation to the mayor and burgesses of Pole of letters patent dated 8 July, 11 Henry VI., being a licence to them to fortify the town and port of Pole, and granting that the port of Melcombe shall no longer be a port after St. Hilary but a creek, and that the mayor of Pole shall have power of receiving cognisances of the staple and other privileges as does the mayor of Southampton. For 20s. paid in the hanaper. (CPR)

Granted at Westminster. Grant by For 20s. paid in the hanaper.


Presumably the change of government was the reason for the inspeximus and confirmation, although the economic success of Poole may have produced some jealousy from other ports and, therefore, a need to reaffirm royal support.

Original source is;

(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)

Significant later sources are;

More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.

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Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.