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Runcorn Urban Defences

Also known as, or recorded in historical documents as;
Runkhorn; Runcolan; Castle Rock

In the civil parish of Runcorn.
In the historic county of Cheshire.
Modern Authority of Halton.
1974 county of Cheshire.
Medieval County of Cheshire.

OS Map Grid Reference: SJ50828333
Latitude 53.34461° Longitude -2.73964°

Runcorn Urban Defences has been described as a probable Urban Defence.

There are no visible remains.


C10 defences of form. Possibly still in use when castle built.

The burh was founded by Aethelflaed of Mercia circa 912, and it is possible that a monastery was founded there about the same time. It is probable that Ethelfleda's borough was destroyed at an early period by the Normans, for Runcorn was not a borough at Domesday, but was by then a mere dependancy of the Honour of Halton. (PastScape)

Runcorn Burh was founded by Aethelfleda, lady of the Mercians in around 912 in response to presence of a Norse fleet in Irish Sea. A burh is the Saxon name for a fortified settlement. The exact site is not known but is was probably the Castle Rock. This was a promontory jutting out into the River Mersey, which was removed to improve navigation and construct the railway viaduct. There are plans showing the area before the railway but the area has now been destroyed by bridge building and other industrial workings. (Cheshire HER)

If the burh was confined to Castle Rock, as suggested by Beamont, then is was of a size very similar to that a many Norman castles and, if so, unlikely to contain much urban settlement (even given the relative insignificance of Runcorn). In fact it would have been that thing anathema to Armitage - a Saxon castle.
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This record last updated 26/07/2017 09:21:30

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