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The comprehensive gazetteer and bibliography of the medieval castles, fortifications and palaces of England, Wales, the Islands.
 
 
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Barnard Castle, Kent

Also known as, or recorded in historical documents as;
Milstead; Milkstead

In the civil parish of Milstead.
In the historic county of Kent.
Modern Authority of Kent.
1974 county of Kent.
Medieval County of Kent.

OS Map Grid Reference: TQ90415872
Latitude 51.29583° Longitude 0.72973°

Barnard Castle, Kent has been described as a Fortified Manor House although is doubtful that it was such.

There are masonry ruins/remnants remains.

This is a Grade 2* listed building protected by law*.

Description

King lists as an unidentified castle reported by Moore, perhaps Tonge. Listed by Harvey who separately lists Tong. Harvey's list was a collation of various authors, including Moore, who, himself, was only collating the work of earlier writers (most notably Wm Dugdale and John Leland). Moore writes near to Milton. Hasted records that the manor of Milsted, a surbordinate manor of Milton, came into the possession of a John Barnard in 17 Henry VII (1501-2) but his grandson died in 14 Henry VIII (1523-4) when the Barnard's ceased to hold the manor.

Manor house. C16 to C18. Timber framed and close-studded on flint plinth, the central portion underbuilt with red brick, the left end bay entirely faced with red brick in header bond; plain tiled roof. Two storeys, with gables at ends to left and right, that to right jettied that to left underbuilt with brick, and central 2 storey brick and timber framed gabled porch, all with moulded bargeboards and pendants. Stack to left, and clock turret to right with ogee-cap. Irregular fenestration of segmental oriels on brackets on first floor in left and right gables with wood casements in central porch, and blocked mullion window to right. Segmental bay window to end left, and 3 wood casements on ground floor. Plank and stud door in moulded surround in porch, with chamfered round-headed brick outer doorway. Right return front continous jettied. Three timber-framed return wings to rear. Interior: now with (incorrect) open hall. C17 panelling in Dining Room, and 2-stage wood panelled fire surround with baluster-columns with bead ornament. (Listed Building Report)

Comments

Milsted Manor is said to date from 1500 in the Kent HER and thus may well have been built by Barnard. Nothing about this house suggests it was fortified, however it was quite large, had been the site of a manor held by several noble families, and may have had decorative turrets and crenellations before later alterations. Gatehouse is unable to identify any other reference to a Barnard Castle in Kent. Whilst it would not be unusual for a grand house like Milstead Manor to have a castle name the lack of references must make this a provisional and suspect identification.
It is also possible that Barnard Castle is a mistranscribing of Bayford Castle. In modern print these may seem clearly different but in gothic print or manuscript, read by candlelight, such a transcription error is entirely possible. There doesn't seem any reason to think this was Tonge.
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Sources of information, references and further reading
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The bibliography owes much to various bibliographies produced by John Kenyon for the Council for British Archaeology, the Castle Studies Group and others.
Suggestions for finding online and/or hard copies of bibliographical sources can be seen at this link.
Minor archaeological investigations, such as watching brief reports, and some other 'grey' literature is most likely to be held by H.E.R.s but is often poorly referenced and is unlikely to be recorded here, or elsewhere, but some suggestions can be found here.
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*The listed building may not be the actual medieval building, but a building on the site of, or incorporating fragments of, the described site.
This record last updated before 1 February 2016

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