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Breckenbrough Castle

Also known as, or recorded in historical documents as;
Kirby Wiske

In the civil parish of Newsham with Breckenbrough.
In the historic county of Yorkshire.
Modern Authority of North Yorkshire.
1974 county of North Yorkshire.
Medieval County of Yorkshire North Riding.

OS Map Grid Reference: SE37648423
Latitude 54.25237° Longitude -1.42393°

Breckenbrough Castle has been described as a probable Fortified Manor House.

There are cropmark/slight earthwork remains.


Breckenbrough Castle Farm, possibly built on the site of a castle. Air photographs taken in 1999 show a complex of earthworks comprising a series of sub-rectangular enclosures of probable medieval date to the west of the farm. Earthworks immediately to the south of the farm comprising a mound situated at the right angle formed between two banks, may represent later post medieval features, possibly garden features. (PastScape)

The hamlet of Breckenbrough or Breckenborough adjoins Newsham, and was anciently the property of the Lascelles family, one of whom was summoned to parliament among the barons in the 22nd of Edward I., and the following year. They had a castle here in which Sir Thomas Lascelles died in 1619, but every trace of it has disappeared, and its site is now occupied by a farmhouse. (Bulmer 1890)

Air photographs taken in 1999 show a complex of earthworks of probable medieval date to the west of the farm. They comprise a series of sub-rectangular enclosures centred at SE 3757 8423. The most clearly visible enclosure (SE 3757 8420) measures approximately 48m by 41m. A block of ridge and furrow cultivation immediately to the west respects these features. A second block of ridge and furrow to the south appears to partially overlie some of the earthworks (SE 3758 8419). To the south of the farm, centred at 3767 8419, are the bank and mound recorded by authority 3 (these are also depicted on the OS 1856 6 inch map). A second bank is visible forming a right angle with the first; the mound is situated at the approximate right angle. These features may represent garden features of post medieval date. (PastScape)

South of Kirkby Wiske is Breckenbrough. Its capital messuage is mentioned in 1304, (Yorks. Inq. p.m. (Yorks. Arch. Soc.) iv, 96) the park and lodge in 1561, (Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), clx, 45) and in 1618 there was a house there described as having 'two strong, large brick-towers of three stories high, between them only the hall which is faire and large, high roofed, well lighted and a large and good chimney. From each of these towers goes out a wing towards the gate, which make a handsome four-square courte, . . . a very fayre square garden, adjoyning to the south side of the house.' (Test. Ebor. (Surt. Soc.), iv, 269 n.) Of Breckenbrough Castle nothing but a marble step remains; the old Breckenbrough Hall was sold by J. C. Hucks to Mr. Samuelson, who pulled it down and built the modern hall. (VCH)

Marked as site of a Castle of the Lascelles on 1856 OS map.
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This record last updated 15/08/2017 15:56:49

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