The comprehensive gazetteer and bibliography of the medieval castles, fortifications and palaces of England, Wales, the Islands.
The listings
Other Info
Print Page 
Next Record 
Previous Record 
Back to list 

Hill House Bastle, Thorngrafton

In the civil parish of Bardon Mill.
In the historic county of Northumberland.
Modern Authority of Northumberland.
1974 county of Northumberland.
Medieval County of Northumberland.

OS Map Grid Reference: NY78396538
Latitude 54.98259° Longitude -2.33917°

Hill House Bastle, Thorngrafton has been described as a probable Bastle.

There are masonry ruins/remnants remains.

This is a Grade 2 listed building protected by law*.


Probable bastle-house now outbuilding, late C16 or early C17, wall reduced and cruck trusses inserted C18. Massive rubble, slate roof. Front with two doorways and narrow window, remains of blocked doorway (?) and window at 1st floor level hidden by ivy. Left gable, rebuilt in squared rubble has blocked 1st floor door with timber lintel. Rear elevation with C20 pitching door above older blocked opening. Interior much altered. 2 upper-cruck roof trusses with re-set collars. (Listed Building Report)

Solitary bastle, 8.7 x 6.4m externally, side walls 0.85m thick. Present state - farm building (Ryder 1990).
An outbuilding to the north of Hill House, alongside the village street, may have been a bastle. It measures c.8.7m by 6.4m externally, with walls c.0.8m thick and is built of massive rubble with large quoins. The building has been considerably altered; none of the openings have cut dressings. Internally there is a set-back at first floor level; there are a pair of raised cruck trusses (springing from the walls a little below the set-back), with halvings for removed tie beams, and the blades overlapping at the apex. The almost cyclopean character of the rubble masonry suggests that this building is a bastle, although the wall thicknesses are not all that great. Cruck trusses in this area usually seem to be associated with heather thatch, which would be an unsuitable roofing material for a defensible building. One interpretation of this building may be that it is a bastle that has been cut down in height and reroofed, perhaps in the early 18th century (Ryder 1994-5). (Northumberland HER)
Links to archaeological and architectural databases, mapping and other online resources

Data >
    County HER       Listing   I. O. E.
Maps >
Streetmap   NLS maps   Where's the path   Old-Maps      
Data/Maps > 
Magic   V. O. B.   Geology   LiDAR   Open Domesday  
Air Photos > 
Bing Maps   Google Maps   Getmapping   ZoomEarth      
Photos >
CastleFacts   Geograph   Flickr   Panoramio      

Sources of information, references and further reading
Most of the sites or buildings recorded in this web site are NOT open to the public and permission to visit a site must always be sought from the landowner or tenant.
It is an offence to disturb a Scheduled Monument without consent. It is a destruction of everyone's heritage to remove archaeological evidence from ANY site without proper recording and reporting.
Don't use metal detectors on historic sites without authorisation.
The information on this web page may be derived from information compiled by and/or copyright of Historic England, County Historic Environment Records and other individuals and organisations. It may also contain information licensed under the Open Government Licence. All the sources given should be consulted to identify the original copyright holder and permission obtained from them before use of the information on this site for commercial purposes.
The author and compiler of Gatehouse does not receive any income from the site and funds it himself. The information within this site is provided freely for educational purposes only.
The bibliography owes much to various bibliographies produced by John Kenyon for the Council for British Archaeology, the Castle Studies Group and others.
Suggestions for finding online and/or hard copies of bibliographical sources can be seen at this link.
Minor archaeological investigations, such as watching brief reports, and some other 'grey' literature is most likely to be held by H.E.R.s but is often poorly referenced and is unlikely to be recorded here, or elsewhere, but some suggestions can be found here.
The possible site or monument is represented on maps as a point location. This is a guide only. It should be noted that OS grid references defines an area, not a point location. In practice this means the actual center of the site or monument may often, but not always, be to the North East of the point shown. Locations derived from OS grid references and from latitude longitiude may differ by a small distance.
Further information on mapping and location can be seen at this link.
Please help to make this as useful a resource as possible by contacting Gatehouse if you see errors, can add information or have suggestions for improvements in functality and design.
Help is acknowledged.
*The listed building may not be the actual medieval building, but a building on the site of, or incorporating fragments of, the described site.
This record last updated 26/07/2017 09:21:28

Home | Books | Links | Fortifications and Castles | Other Information | Help | Downloads | Author Information | Contact