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Humshaugh House, Humshaugh

Also known as, or recorded in historical documents as;
Manor House

In the civil parish of Humshaugh.
In the historic county of Northumberland.
Modern Authority of Northumberland.
1974 county of Northumberland.
Medieval County of Northumberland.

OS Map Grid Reference: NY92077154
Latitude 55.03827° Longitude -2.12556°

Humshaugh House, Humshaugh has been described as a probable Pele Tower, and also as a probable Bastle.

There are masonry ruins/remnants remains.

This is a Grade 2 listed building protected by law*.


House. Early C18 incorporating medieval or C16 fabric, enlarged to rear in later C18. Brick front and rear, west end rubble, east end rendered; ashlar rusticated quoins, dressings and cornice. Graduated Lakeland slate roof, stone stacks. South elevation 2 storeys, 5 bays, symmetrical. Brick in irregular, largely stretcher, bond. Plinth, sill bands, 1st floor band, modillion eaves cornice. Central renewed glazed door with patterned fanlight, in eared architrave with pulvinated frieze,cornice and pediment. Plate-glass sash windows with wedge lintels cut to represent alternately-raised voussoirs; ground floor sill band steped down beneath sills. Overlapped-slab coping to gables, with rebuilt end stacks. Left return shows rear quoins of early C18 house with blocked stone-surround doorway above, beneath roof weathering of removed structure.
Rear elevation similar to front, brick in English garden wall bond 1 and 3. Doorway in eared architrave in porch which has renewed door flanked by rusticated pilasters with moulded bases; moulded cornice with pediment, later infill, rendered, to sides.
Interior renewed after serious fire in 1969. Central spine wall, rear wall of early C18 house, 1.2 metre thick; probably remnant of an earlier defensible structure. At one time known as the Manor House (Listed Building Report).

A substantial five bay, two storey, house at the east end of Humshaugh village. The front elevation is of brick (early 18th century), but a central east-west spine wall is of rubble and is 1.2m thick. Quoining visible in the west wall shows that the early 18th century house was doubled in width in the later 18th century. The thickness of the spine wall suggests that it predates this phase, and it would seem likely to be a survival from a defensible structure of some sort, probably pre-dating the 17th century.
The garden wall adjoining the east(?) end of the house incorporates part of an older building, with rubble masonry and roughly shaped quoins (Ryder 1994-5). (Northumberland HER)

The evidence for the original building being fortified is fairly slight but in this area it is likely that a manor house would be fortified. Depending on date this could be a solar tower attached to an, otherwise unfortied, hall or a large bastle (c.f. Doddington Bastle) of two and half or three storeys.
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Sources of information, references and further reading
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This record last updated 26/07/2017 09:21:27

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