The comprehensive gazetteer and bibliography of the medieval castles, fortifications and palaces of England, Wales, the Islands.
The listings
Other Info
Print Page 
Next Record 
Previous Record 
Back to list 

Burnmouth Bastle 1

In the civil parish of Tarset.
In the historic county of Northumberland.
Modern Authority of Northumberland.
1974 county of Northumberland.
Medieval County of Northumberland.

OS Map Grid Reference: NY79208802
Latitude 55.18612° Longitude -2.32857°

Burnmouth Bastle 1 has been described as a probable Bastle.

There are masonry ruins/remnants remains.


Incorporated into a later field wall, the lower parts of two walls of a bastle-type building in very substantial masonry c.36 inches thick. The remains are c.5 feet and c.18 x 30 feet in length. Random rubble, 16th or early 17th century. Field wall c.40 yards north west of Burnmouth (Grundy 1987)
Solitary form bastle remains, walls 0.9m thick (Ryder 1990)
Bastle-type building referred to by Grundy presumably at NY 79208802 - c.8m x 5.5m, with walls 0.6m-0.8m thick. Further east at NY 79268804 are ruins of another building 8m x 5m, walls 0.8m thick. Both of some age, though neither really looks like a bastle (Ryder 1990). (Northumberland HER)

No doubt about where this bastle was, for one of its long walls still exists and it is used as a farmyard boundary. It is about six feet high and three feet wide, and from its west side there is a sharp drop into the dene where the Tarret Burn joins the tarset Burn. The wall is visible from the road. (Dodds 1999)

See also Burnmouth Bastle 2
This does seems to be shown on the 1862 OS map, if that map is accurate there do appear to have been some changes since 1862 and the farmhouse post-dates the map and the SW-NE range of outbuildings shown on the map, despite being on the same alignment, lay slightly north of the current range. The supposed bastle would then have been the westmost part of range of roofed buildings approximately 35m in length. The 1896 OS map shows the current farm house and the outbuilding range in its current location with the bastle marked as wall outlines (most of the easternmost part of that earlier long range is not shown and may have been timber buildings or buildings with much slighter walls)
In this area there was a high density of bastles but one should note Peter Ryder's words and not assume that every old rectangular thick walled building was a bastle.
Links to archaeological and architectural databases, mapping and other online resources

Data >
PastScape   County HER            
Maps >
Streetmap   NLS maps   Where's the path   Old-Maps      
Data/Maps > 
Magic   V. O. B.   Geology   LiDAR   Open Domesday  
Air Photos > 
Bing Maps   Google Maps   Getmapping   ZoomEarth      
Photos >
CastleFacts   Geograph   Flickr   Panoramio      

Sources of information, references and further reading
Most of the sites or buildings recorded in this web site are NOT open to the public and permission to visit a site must always be sought from the landowner or tenant.
It is an offence to disturb a Scheduled Monument without consent. It is a destruction of everyone's heritage to remove archaeological evidence from ANY site without proper recording and reporting.
Don't use metal detectors on historic sites without authorisation.
The information on this web page may be derived from information compiled by and/or copyright of Historic England, County Historic Environment Records and other individuals and organisations. It may also contain information licensed under the Open Government Licence. All the sources given should be consulted to identify the original copyright holder and permission obtained from them before use of the information on this site for commercial purposes.
The author and compiler of Gatehouse does not receive any income from the site and funds it himself. The information within this site is provided freely for educational purposes only.
The bibliography owes much to various bibliographies produced by John Kenyon for the Council for British Archaeology, the Castle Studies Group and others.
Suggestions for finding online and/or hard copies of bibliographical sources can be seen at this link.
Minor archaeological investigations, such as watching brief reports, and some other 'grey' literature is most likely to be held by H.E.R.s but is often poorly referenced and is unlikely to be recorded here, or elsewhere, but some suggestions can be found here.
The possible site or monument is represented on maps as a point location. This is a guide only. It should be noted that OS grid references defines an area, not a point location. In practice this means the actual center of the site or monument may often, but not always, be to the North East of the point shown. Locations derived from OS grid references and from latitude longitiude may differ by a small distance.
Further information on mapping and location can be seen at this link.
Please help to make this as useful a resource as possible by contacting Gatehouse if you see errors, can add information or have suggestions for improvements in functality and design.
Help is acknowledged.
This record last updated 26/07/2017 09:21:28

Home | Books | Links | Fortifications and Castles | Other Information | Help | Downloads | Author Information | Contact