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Churchill; The Mount

In the civil parish of Churchill.
In the historic county of Oxfordshire.
Modern Authority of Oxfordshire.
1974 county of Oxfordshire.
Medieval County of Oxfordshire.

OS Map Grid Reference: SP27922371
Latitude 51.91123° Longitude -1.59551°

Churchill; The Mount has been described as a Timber Castle but is rejected as such.

There are earthwork remains.

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law.


Small rounded mound, sometimes identified as a motte. Rejected by King as appearing to be a barrow. Recorded in PastScape as "Bowl barrow, probably landscaped" The Oxfordshire HER writes is classified as an Anglo-Saxon hlaew.

The Mount bell barrow is a well preserved example of its class and will contain undisturbed archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction and the landscape in which it was built.
The monument includes a well preserved Bronze Age bell barrow known as 'The Mount', 110m south west of Mount Farm. It is situated on a ridge running from north east to south west with views to the east, south and west. The barrow mound measures 22m in diameter and stands up to 2.2m high. A level 2m wide berm around the base of the mound is surrounded by a quarry ditch from which material was obtained during construction of the monument. This ditch has become partially infilled over the years but remains visible at ground level as a shallow depression 4m wide and c.0.4m deep. Beyond the ditch, there are traces of an outer bank which survives up to 1m wide and 0.1m high. (Scheduling Report)

Round barrow - large mound, no sign of bailey and unlikely to be a motte. Might be a Saxon barrow of Asthall. It has a fine surrounding ditch, a conical top, and there is a trace of revetment at base of slope. All these signs might be due to C18th reworking of mound. (VCH)
This is a fine, undamaged bowl barrow, 22m in diameter and 2.2m high surrounded by a ditch, 505m wide and 0.7m deep. There is a strong possibility that the present conical appearance of the mound is due to an early C19 landscaping when it was first planted with conifers; it is now ringed at base with 50 year old conifers. (OS Record)
Classified as AS hlaew for MPP; NOT scored as bell barrow because of other identification. (Oxfordshire HER)
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Sources of information, references and further reading
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This record last updated 26/07/2017 09:20:08

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