The comprehensive gazetteer and bibliography of the medieval castles, fortifications and palaces of England, Wales, the Islands.
The listings
Other Info
Print Page 
Next Record 
Previous Record 
Back to list 

Wistanstow, The Grove enclosure

In the civil parish of Wistanstow.
In the historic county of Shropshire.
Modern Authority of Shropshire.
1974 county of Shropshire.
Medieval County of Shropshire.

OS Map Grid Reference: SO437843
Latitude 52.45480° Longitude -2.83084°

Wistanstow, The Grove enclosure has been described as a Timber Castle although is doubtful that it was such.

There are earthwork remains.


A semi-circular earthwork feature with the river on one side. The banks have been created by digging dtches and piling up the earth. This site represents: a possible ringwork of probable medieval date, a possible garden feature of 19th to 20th century date, an enclosure of unknown date. (Shropshire HER online version summary)
Possible defensive site immediately north of junction of Quinny Brook and River Onny, The Grove, near Craven Arms. On land that slopes gently down to the Quinny Brook but with an approximately 5m drop to water level, a roughly semi-circular enclosure has been created by digging a ditch and throwing the spoil inwards to create a bank. At its highest point the bank is some 3m above the original ground level. The diameter of the circle as measured along the stream bank is approximately 50-55m. At the northern-most point of the circle there are traces of a masonry structure of some sort, utilising what appears to be local stone. The ditch varies in width: at its widest point, towards the north, the floor is some 4m wide; elsewhere, it appears to be considerably narrower. There is no obvious sign of an entrance, except at the northern corner of the site where a cattle-track approaches along the edge of the river terrace and passes between the masonry structure and the steep drop from terrace to flood plain The masonry structure is barely visible but appears to have been constructed of slabs of local stone as facing material with a rubble core: there is no obvious sign of mortar. Tumble on the western bank of the possible entrance may suggest that a structure of some sort revetted the bank of the terrace or crowned the bank for some distance to the south. Although the form and to some extent the siting of the earthwork suggests a defensive function it is equally possible that it was associated with the intensive landscaping of the Grove park/garden in the late C19. The existence of iron railings to protect or define the bank and interior is probably not significant, since thousands of metres of such fencing were erected in the parkland. Another earthwork some 150m upstream appears to be a dam, possibly associated with the demolished Berry Mill. Some 30m to the east there appears to be a shallow platform possibly associated with quarrying. A faint trackway, followed by a definitive footpath, skirts the outer edge of the ditch passing in a roughly north-east/south-west direction. There is a late C19 fence on the outward lip of the ditch. The earthwork generally contains considerable thorn scrub with one or two oaks of some 80 to 100 years old. At one point there is the remains of what might possibly be a metal gate, but there appears to be no brick or other obviously late material (Thomas 1995). (Shropshire HER)

Whilst this seems an unlikely site to Gatehouse it can not be exclude and it may be a precursor for The Grove if this building dates back further than the current early C19 building. The modest Domesday manor was held by Nigel the doctor.
Links to archaeological and architectural databases, mapping and other online resources

Data >
    County HER            
Maps >
Streetmap   NLS maps   Where's the path   Old-Maps      
Data/Maps > 
Magic   V. O. B.   Geology   LiDAR   Open Domesday  
Air Photos > 
Bing Maps   Google Maps   Getmapping   ZoomEarth      
Photos >
CastleFacts   Geograph   Flickr   Panoramio      

Sources of information, references and further reading
Most of the sites or buildings recorded in this web site are NOT open to the public and permission to visit a site must always be sought from the landowner or tenant.
It is an offence to disturb a Scheduled Monument without consent. It is a destruction of everyone's heritage to remove archaeological evidence from ANY site without proper recording and reporting.
Don't use metal detectors on historic sites without authorisation.
The information on this web page may be derived from information compiled by and/or copyright of Historic England, County Historic Environment Records and other individuals and organisations. It may also contain information licensed under the Open Government Licence. All the sources given should be consulted to identify the original copyright holder and permission obtained from them before use of the information on this site for commercial purposes.
The author and compiler of Gatehouse does not receive any income from the site and funds it himself. The information within this site is provided freely for educational purposes only.
The bibliography owes much to various bibliographies produced by John Kenyon for the Council for British Archaeology, the Castle Studies Group and others.
Suggestions for finding online and/or hard copies of bibliographical sources can be seen at this link.
Minor archaeological investigations, such as watching brief reports, and some other 'grey' literature is most likely to be held by H.E.R.s but is often poorly referenced and is unlikely to be recorded here, or elsewhere, but some suggestions can be found here.
The possible site or monument is represented on maps as a point location. This is a guide only. It should be noted that OS grid references defines an area, not a point location. In practice this means the actual center of the site or monument may often, but not always, be to the North East of the point shown. Locations derived from OS grid references and from latitude longitiude may differ by a small distance.
Further information on mapping and location can be seen at this link.
Please help to make this as useful a resource as possible by contacting Gatehouse if you see errors, can add information or have suggestions for improvements in functality and design.
Help is acknowledged.
This record last updated 26/07/2017 09:21:31

Home | Books | Links | Fortifications and Castles | Other Information | Help | Downloads | Author Information | Contact