The comprehensive gazetteer and bibliography of the medieval castles, fortifications and palaces of England, Wales, the Islands.
The listings
Other Info
Print Page 
Next Record 
Previous Record 
Back to list 

Warwick on Eden earthwork

In the civil parish of Wetheral.
In the historic county of Cumberland.
Modern Authority of Cumbria.
1974 county of Cumbria.
Medieval County of Cumberland.

OS Map Grid Reference: NY468567
Latitude 54.90243° Longitude -2.83286°

Warwick on Eden earthwork has been described as a Uncertain but is rejected as such, and also as a Fortified Manor House although is doubtful that it was such.

There are no visible remains.


(Area NY 466 567) At Warwick Knowe, immediately above Warwick Bridge are the remains of large earthworks of no regular shape. They are supposed to have been raised to guard the bridge against the Scots (OS map 1957; Hutchinson; Whellan).
All trace of any former earthworks has disappeared. Warwick Knowe is a natural hill under pasture (F1 RWE 14-APR-66). (PastScape)

Earthworks; possibly Civil War Period.
Hutchinson states 'immediately above {the bridge at Warwick}, on an eminence which commands the passage of the river, are the remains of large breast-works of earth, but of no regular figure, or any other character to lead to the idea of its having ever been a permanent Roman station. The works appear like temporary fortifications only, and, as this part of the country was frequently harassed, as well by the incursions of the Scots, as the armies which our monarchs led northward against the neigbouring nation, it is not worth a traveller's trouble... to explain them.'
Wilson gives details of a skirmish there in June 1648. The earthworks were probably of 1644 for the siege of Carlisle.
Aerial photography and field walking may reveal traces. Possibly destroyed by cutting of new road to bridge 1833-5. Not thought to be earlier site of Warwick Hall. (Perriam and Robinson 1998)

Although Perriam and Robinson comment that this is not thought to be an earlier site of Warwick Hall it should be noted it is an area adjacent to the C12 Church of St. Leonard and the current Warwick Hall although on the site of earlier buildings but these only certainly dating back to the late C18.
The site could be suitable to further investigation including aerial lidar and geophysics.
Links to archaeological and architectural databases, mapping and other online resources

Data >
PastScape   County HER            
Maps >
Streetmap   NLS maps   Where's the path   Old-Maps      
Data/Maps > 
Magic   V. O. B.   Geology   LiDAR   Open Domesday  
Air Photos > 
Bing Maps   Google Maps   Getmapping   ZoomEarth      
Photos >
CastleFacts   Geograph   Flickr   Panoramio      

Sources of information, references and further reading
Most of the sites or buildings recorded in this web site are NOT open to the public and permission to visit a site must always be sought from the landowner or tenant.
It is an offence to disturb a Scheduled Monument without consent. It is a destruction of everyone's heritage to remove archaeological evidence from ANY site without proper recording and reporting.
Don't use metal detectors on historic sites without authorisation.
The information on this web page may be derived from information compiled by and/or copyright of Historic England, County Historic Environment Records and other individuals and organisations. It may also contain information licensed under the Open Government Licence. All the sources given should be consulted to identify the original copyright holder and permission obtained from them before use of the information on this site for commercial purposes.
The author and compiler of Gatehouse does not receive any income from the site and funds it himself. The information within this site is provided freely for educational purposes only.
The bibliography owes much to various bibliographies produced by John Kenyon for the Council for British Archaeology, the Castle Studies Group and others.
Suggestions for finding online and/or hard copies of bibliographical sources can be seen at this link.
Minor archaeological investigations, such as watching brief reports, and some other 'grey' literature is most likely to be held by H.E.R.s but is often poorly referenced and is unlikely to be recorded here, or elsewhere, but some suggestions can be found here.
The possible site or monument is represented on maps as a point location. This is a guide only. It should be noted that OS grid references defines an area, not a point location. In practice this means the actual center of the site or monument may often, but not always, be to the North East of the point shown. Locations derived from OS grid references and from latitude longitiude may differ by a small distance.
Further information on mapping and location can be seen at this link.
Please help to make this as useful a resource as possible by contacting Gatehouse if you see errors, can add information or have suggestions for improvements in functality and design.
Help is acknowledged.
This record last updated 26/07/2017 09:21:31

Home | Books | Links | Fortifications and Castles | Other Information | Help | Downloads | Author Information | Contact