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Wall Bowers

In the civil parish of Waterhead.
In the historic county of Cumberland.
Modern Authority of Cumbria.
1974 county of Cumbria.
Medieval County of Cumberland.

OS Map Grid Reference: NY59306549
Latitude 54.98235° Longitude -2.63754°

Wall Bowers has been described as a probable Bastle.

There are no visible remains.

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law.


There is no evidence that the Wall was reused {in the C16}, but perhaps the Milecastles were. Although there is no direct evidence the Milecastles would have made convenient barmkins.
Marked on 1603 map. (Perriam and Robinson)

The site of milecastle 51 at Wall Bowers, part of the defences on Hadrian's Wall. The milecastle was excavated in 1927, 1934 and 1936. The remains are in poor condition having been mutilated by animal tread and the dumping of rubble in the interior. The courses of the east and west wall are discernible as trampled robber trenches, 3.0m wide and up to 0.15m deep; the south side is less clear, and the north is buried beneath the modern road. An outer ditch is visible on the east side curving round to the south before fading; at best it is 4.5m wide and 0.3m deep. (PastScape)

Listed as a possible stonehouse site by Perriam and Robinson. No mention of possible bastle in PastScape record. Scheduled but possible stonehouse not mentioned in scheduling report. Perriam and Robinson term 'stonehouse' is used for small but thick-walled houses but not of a strict pele-house form, usually because the ground floor was residential rather than a byre house.
Despite the reports of several excavations the site has not been fully excavated and excavation on Hadrians Wall tend to ignore anything not Roman.
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Sources of information, references and further reading
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Suggestions for finding online and/or hard copies of bibliographical sources can be seen at this link.
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This record last updated 26/07/2017 09:21:29

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