The comprehensive gazetteer and bibliography of the medieval castles, fortifications and palaces of England, Wales, the Islands.
The listings
Other Info
Print Page 
Next Record 
Previous Record 
Back to list 

Castle of Croydone

Also known as, or recorded in historical documents as;
Castle of Croydon

In the civil parish of Gloucester.
In the historic county of Gloucestershire.
Modern Authority of Gloucestershire.
1974 county of Gloucestershire.
Medieval County of Gloucestershire.

OS Map Grid Reference: SO833188
Latitude 51.86742° Longitude -2.24435°

Castle of Croydone has been described as a Timber Castle but is rejected as such.

There are no visible remains.


Medieval castle is said to have been situated near the south end of Hare Lane, Gloucester. (PastScape)

(SO 833188) 'Castel of Croydone', near the south end of Hare Lane. Reason for name is not known (Fullbrook Leggatt).
This may be confused with the original Norman timber and earthwork castle situated a little to the East of the later castle (Heighway). (PastScape)

Archdeacon Furney says, from the Abbey Registers or Chronicles, as presumed, "Without the Upper North-gate, on the West side, was the Castle of Croydon, standing in Hare-lane." (Apud Rudder p. 205) Dun assuredly means an elevated Tump ; and Croy, according to Ingulphus, in his etymology of Croy-Iand, signifies Cruda et caenosa terra, moist, stiff ground. The misfortune is, that there is neither tump, mound, or foss, upon the spot, only the plot of a building; but it might be deemed eligible to fill up the ditches, that water and weeds might not collect: or the earth of the tump might be carried off in the civil wars to form the works between Kingsholm and the Oxlease, marked out in Hall and Pinnel's map. (Fosbroke and Bigland 1819)

Baddeley suggests this was the site of a C9 Danish camp and that Hare Lane is a corruption of Here (War Host). It's entirely possibly this camp was fortified in the Danish manner and that these earthwork survived until the C14 when the name Castle of Croydone was, apparently, given to them. It is unlikely they had any use after the C9. The VCH for Gloucester has a good history of the Saxon period but does not mention this site. The earlier history of Fosbroke and Bigland is speculative and has inaccuracies but does mention this as a site of a building. The location, just outside the gates of the Roman town, may be that of a Roman mausoleum and the site may, in fact, take it's name from some Roman remains. Confusion with the actual castle of Gloucester by any early writers, who give a clear location as outside the north-gate, seems unlikely.
Links to archaeological and architectural databases, mapping and other online resources

Data >
Maps >
Streetmap   NLS maps   Where's the path   Old-Maps      
Data/Maps > 
Magic   V. O. B.   Geology   LiDAR   Open Domesday  
Air Photos > 
Bing Maps   Google Maps   Getmapping   ZoomEarth      
Photos >
CastleFacts   Geograph   Flickr   Panoramio      

Sources of information, references and further reading
Most of the sites or buildings recorded in this web site are NOT open to the public and permission to visit a site must always be sought from the landowner or tenant.
It is an offence to disturb a Scheduled Monument without consent. It is a destruction of everyone's heritage to remove archaeological evidence from ANY site without proper recording and reporting.
Don't use metal detectors on historic sites without authorisation.
The information on this web page may be derived from information compiled by and/or copyright of Historic England, County Historic Environment Records and other individuals and organisations. It may also contain information licensed under the Open Government Licence. All the sources given should be consulted to identify the original copyright holder and permission obtained from them before use of the information on this site for commercial purposes.
The author and compiler of Gatehouse does not receive any income from the site and funds it himself. The information within this site is provided freely for educational purposes only.
The bibliography owes much to various bibliographies produced by John Kenyon for the Council for British Archaeology, the Castle Studies Group and others.
Suggestions for finding online and/or hard copies of bibliographical sources can be seen at this link.
Minor archaeological investigations, such as watching brief reports, and some other 'grey' literature is most likely to be held by H.E.R.s but is often poorly referenced and is unlikely to be recorded here, or elsewhere, but some suggestions can be found here.
The possible site or monument is represented on maps as a point location. This is a guide only. It should be noted that OS grid references defines an area, not a point location. In practice this means the actual center of the site or monument may often, but not always, be to the North East of the point shown. Locations derived from OS grid references and from latitude longitiude may differ by a small distance.
Further information on mapping and location can be seen at this link.
Please help to make this as useful a resource as possible by contacting Gatehouse if you see errors, can add information or have suggestions for improvements in functality and design.
Help is acknowledged.
This record last updated 26/07/2017 09:21:27

Home | Books | Links | Fortifications and Castles | Other Information | Help | Downloads | Author Information | Contact