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Newton St Loe

Also known as, or recorded in historical documents as;
St Loes Castle

In the civil parish of Newton St Loe.
In the historic county of Somerset.
Modern Authority of Bath and North East Somerset.
1974 county of Avon.

OS Map Grid Reference: ST69406397
Latitude 51.37403° Longitude -2.44095°

Newton St Loe has been described as a certain Fortified Manor House.

There are major building remains.

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law.
This is a Grade 1 listed building protected by law*.

Description

Site of a fortified manor house and deer park, occupied possibly from the 12th century. The fortified manor house consisted of a rectangular courtyard with square corner towers and connecting ranges behind a curtain wall, surrounded on at least three sides by a ditch. Excavation has identified three main medieval building phases, the principal one being during the first quarter of the 14th century, and a ceramic sequence from the 12th/13th centuries to the 18th century. The gatehouse was built in the mid 15th century. During the 16th century alterations were made to the defences and domestic buildings. The mound lying north of the keep was proved by excavation to be the remains of a tower at the termination of the east curtain wall. Most of the complex was demolished during landscaping of the park in the 18th century. (PastScape)

A large, fortified tower, formerly known as a keep, but actually part of a fortified manor house. C14, altered and remodelled C16 and late C17, restored C19, porch added C18. Rubble, freestone dressings, hipped slate roof set back and concealed behind a tall, embattled ashlar parapet which is inset with shields of arms, moulded string and gargoyles. Irregular L-plan with C16 extension to north and C18 projecting porch. 3 storeys and vaulted basement. South Elevation. Three 4-light cross windows in hollow chamfered surrounds and with segmental heads, and under dripmoulds. West Elevation. In the centre is a part square and part circular stairtower with a quatrefoil parapet and 2-light windows with cusped heads. Blocked windows at south end. Single storey, C18 projecting entrance at north west: 2 large 4-centred arches, one blocked and embattled parapet. Inverted V-mark of former wing. Lower, 2 storey wing at north has two 2-light casement windows in hollow surrounds and with segmental heads, under dripmoulds. Interior. Chamfered and 4-centre headed doorway leads to a vaulted chamber at the south end: adjoining chamber with a garderobe. Stone newel stair. The room on the 3rd floor has a C17 freestone fireplace in a moulded surround and with a 4-centred head and a moulded overmantel. (Listed Building Report 1129476)
Gatehouse. C15, altered late C18 - early C19. Coursed rubble with freestone dressings, hipped slate roofs concealed behind plain and embattled parapets. 2 storeys. West Elevation. Central, heavily moulded, 4-centred archway with portcullis groove. Large studded plank doors with strap hinges and wicket door. Flanking square buttresses (C18 - C19) with embattled tops and embattled parapet on moulded corbels between the buttresses. The right hand buttress partly obscures a single light window in a double chamfered surround. East Elevation. 2-light casement windows in double chamfered surrounds, to 3 stages. Buttresses with off-sets flank the archway. The archway has a 2 bay tierceron vault springing from clustered triple shafts and enriched capitals, bosses carved with foliage, arms, Tudor roses and heads. The north wall is pierced by 2 segmental headed openings. (Listed Building Report 1136324)
Links to archaeological and architectural databases, mapping and other online resources

Data >
PastScape   County HER   Scheduling   Listing   I. O. E.
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Sources of information, references and further reading
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The author and compiler of Gatehouse does not receive any income from the site and funds it himself. The information within this site is provided freely for educational purposes only.
The bibliography owes much to various bibliographies produced by John Kenyon for the Council for British Archaeology, the Castle Studies Group and others.
Suggestions for finding online and/or hard copies of bibliographical sources can be seen at this link.
Minor archaeological investigations, such as watching brief reports, and some other 'grey' literature is most likely to be held by H.E.R.s but is often poorly referenced and is unlikely to be recorded here, or elsewhere, but some suggestions can be found here.
The possible site or monument is represented on maps as a point location. This is a guide only. It should be noted that OS grid references defines an area, not a point location. In practice this means the actual center of the site or monument may often, but not always, be to the North East of the point shown. Locations derived from OS grid references and from latitude longitiude may differ by a small distance.
Further information on mapping and location can be seen at this link.
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*The listed building may not be the actual medieval building, but a building on the site of, or incorporating fragments of, the described site.
This record last updated on Saturday, March 29, 2014

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