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Kington Castle Hill

Also known as, or recorded in historical documents as;
castello de Kinton'

In the civil parish of Kington.
In the historic county of Herefordshire.
Modern Authority of Herefordshire.
1974 county of Hereford and Worcester.

OS Map Grid Reference: SO29155681
Latitude 52.20594° Longitude -3.03819°

Kington Castle Hill has been described as a certain Timber Castle.

There are earthwork remains.

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law.

Description

Supposed remains of a castle extant by 1187. The earthwork remains of part a possible motte and an adjacent field of ridge and furrow were mapped from aerial photogaphs. The irregular mound on the highest point is separated by a wide shallow ditch from what may be the vestigial remains of an outer bank on the west side. (PastScape)

Kington is mentioned in the Domesday Book and was one of the royal manors laying waste in 1086 which were granted by Henry I to Adam de Port in 1108 as the "Honour of Kington". The title implies an intention to establish a major castle and borough at Kington (Kay 1980). A Pipe Roll grant of 1186 to repair the palisade (Benn 1941) is the only known reference to the castle, however (Kay 1980). The original borough, later referred to as "Old Kington," was situated close to the castle and the 12th century church, on a prominence overlooking the river, a typical site for the borough of a Marcher Lord (Noble 1964). In 1173 Roger de Port rebelled against Henry II and the "Honour of Kington" was forfeited. Part of it, including the manors of Kington and Huntington, was granted to William de Braose. Kington castle was abandoned sometime before 1230 and a new castle set up at Huntington, now the head of the Lordship. However, Kington remained the main centre of population whilst the new borough of Huntington failed to replace it as a commercial centre (Noble 1964). (Victoria Buteux in Dalwood and Bryant, 2005)
Links to archaeological and architectural databases, mapping and other online resources

Data >
PastScape   County HER   Scheduling        
Maps >
OS getamap   Streetmap   Old-Maps   Where's the path   NLS maps  
Data/Maps > 
Magic   V. O. B.   Geology   EarthTools   GeoHack  
Air Photos > 
Bing Maps   Google Maps   Getmapping   Flashearth      
Photos >
CastleFacts   Geograph   Flickr   Panoramio      

Sources of information, references and further reading
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The author and compiler of Gatehouse does not receive any income from the site and funds it himself. The information within this site is provided freely for educational purposes only.
The bibliography owes much to various bibliographies produced by John Kenyon for the Council for British Archaeology, the Castle Studies Group and others.
Suggestions for finding online and/or hard copies of bibliographical sources can be seen at this link.
Minor archaeological investigations, such as watching brief reports, and some other 'grey' literature is most likely to be held by H.E.R.s but is often poorly referenced and is unlikely to be recorded here, or elsewhere, but some suggestions can be found here.
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This record last updated on Friday, November 14, 2014

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