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Lingen Castle

Also known as, or recorded in historical documents as;
The Churchyard

In the civil parish of Lingen.
In the historic county of Herefordshire.
Modern Authority of Herefordshire.
1974 county of Hereford and Worcester.

OS Map Grid Reference: SO36586727
Latitude 52.29988° Longitude -2.93113°

Lingen Castle has been described as a certain Timber Castle, and also as a probable Masonry Castle.

There are earthwork remains.

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law.

Description

Lingen Castle is a motte and bailey earthwork situated to the immediate north of the church. It consists of a roughly circular motte with a large bailey on the west Side. The motte is around 19.2 metres in diameter at the top and it rises circa 6.7 metres above the bottom of a dry ditch. It is roughly level on the summit though the north east portion is slightly higher. The bailey on the west is roughly square and has remains of an inner rampart with traces of a deep ditch on the south and west. On the south side a second rampart forms a bank to the moat. There are traces of a curtain wall around the bailey. The western defences can now hardly be traced. There is evidence to suggest that a shell keep with a gatehouse on the West Side may have once existed on this site. The site is now under pasture but the features remain clearly visible and in good condition. Adjacent to the castle on the north side are the earthwork remains of a medieval village. Lingen Castle and its associated village is an excellent example of a planned Welsh Borders Norman settlement with its castle, church and fossilised village still present today. The motte and bailey are visible as earthworks on aerial photographs.(PastScape)

This large and elaborate earthwork stands north of and adjacent to the church yard, and is mostly made up of a natural hill (upon which the church also stands) which has been landscaped for defensive use. Trace of curtain wall around bailey. The name 'The Churchyard' is applied to both castles in Lingen parish. It seems to be most often applied to the ringwork which is isolated and not near a Church, it is less often applied to the motte and bailey adjacent to the actual churchyard of Lingen parish church.
Links to archaeological and architectural databases, mapping and other online resources

Data >
PastScape   County HER   Scheduling        
Maps >
OS getamap   Streetmap   Old-Maps   Where's the path      
Data/Maps > 
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Sources of information, references and further reading
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The author and compiler of Gatehouse does not receive any income from the site and funds it himself. The information within this site is provided freely for educational purposes only.
The bibliography owes much to various bibliographies produced by John Kenyon for the Council for British Archaeology, the Castle Studies Group and others.
Suggestions for finding online and/or hard copies of bibliographical sources can be seen at this link.
Minor archaeological investigations, such as watching brief reports, and some other 'grey' literature is most likely to be held by H.E.R.s but is often poorly referenced and is unlikely to be recorded here, or elsewhere, but some suggestions can be found here.
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This record last updated on Saturday, March 29, 2014

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