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Brent Pelham, Cole Green

In the civil parish of Brent Pelham.
In the historic county of Hertfordshire.
Modern Authority of Hertfordshire.
1974 county of Hertfordshire.

OS Map Grid Reference: TL42583117
Latitude 51.96073° Longitude 0.07373°

Brent Pelham, Cole Green has been described as a Timber Castle although is doubtful that it was such.

There are earthwork remains.

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law.

Description

A wet moat encloses, on three sides, a circular, tree-covered mound (c 6ft high), the top of which has been flattened. The whole area is 110ft in diameter. Thought to be a barrow of pre-Roman date? There is no knowledge of it being excavated although it looks disturbed (OS map record).
Possibly a Roman barrow (Andrews 1905).
"Tumulus, moated, west of Cole Green - condition fairly good" (RCHME).
A windmill mound situated in an exposed ridge top position. Measuring overall c 26.0m in diameter and 2.2m above the ditch level, the mound has a flat top with a circular depression 0.5m deep. The surrounding ditch is c 4.0m wide and 1.3m deep, and is waterfilled on the E side. A causeway is on the roadside (south). The feature is not shown on the tithe map of c 1837, which shows no significant names (F1 JRL 06-FEB-75).
TL 426312. Moated mound at Cole Green-scheduled. (Listed under Castles and Fortifications) (DOE).
TL 425312. Possible site of a castle, discribed as a large irregular mound with a surrounding wet ditch retained by a strong counterscarp bank on the S side (Renn). (PastScape)

Circular mound c26m diameter and c4m high surrounded by a now dry moat with a portion on the S side infilled. Once thought possibly a Roman or earlier barrow, but the OS call it a windmill mound, with a flat top and a 50cm deep depression in it, and Renn describes it as possibly a castle. (Hertfordshire HER)

Marked as 'mill mound' on modern OS map. Away from village and does not seem to be manorial centre. No evidence of a bailey, although a barn used to stand on the south side of the road opposite the mound. Gatehouse considers on broad topographic grounds most probably a mill mound.
Links to archaeological and architectural databases, mapping and other online resources

Data >
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Sources of information, references and further reading
  • Websites (Gatehouse is not responsible for the content of external websites.)
  • Books
    • Salter, Mike, 2002, The Castles of The Thames Valley and The Chilterns (Malvern: Folly Publications) p. 43
      King, D.J.C., 1983, Castellarium Anglicanum (London: Kraus) Vol. 1 p. 220
      Renn, D.F., 1971, Medieval Castles in Hertfordshire (Chichester: Phillimore) p. 22 (doubtful)
      Fox, Cyril, 1923, The archaeology of the Cambridge region p. 198
      RCHME, 1910, An inventory of the historical monuments in Hertfordshire (London: HMSO) p. 71 online transcription
  • Periodical Articles
    • (Dunning and Jessup), 1936, Antiquity Vol 10 p. 52
      Andrews, R.T., 1905, 'Brent Pelham Hall and its Owners' Transactions of the East Hertfordshire Archaeological Society Vol. 3.1 p. 58-60
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The bibliography owes much to various bibliographies produced by John Kenyon for the Council for British Archaeology, the Castle Studies Group and others.
Suggestions for finding online and/or hard copies of bibliographical sources can be seen at this link.
Minor archaeological investigations, such as watching brief reports, and some other 'grey' literature is most likely to be held by H.E.R.s but is often poorly referenced and is unlikely to be recorded here, or elsewhere, but some suggestions can be found here.
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This record last updated on Saturday, November 15, 2014

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