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Brent Pelham, Cole Green

In the civil parish of Brent Pelham.
In the historic county of Hertfordshire.
Modern Authority of Hertfordshire.
1974 county of Hertfordshire.
Medieval County of Hertfordshire.

OS Map Grid Reference: TL42583117
Latitude 51.96073° Longitude 0.07373°

Brent Pelham, Cole Green has been described as a Timber Castle although is doubtful that it was such.

There are earthwork remains.

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law.


A wet moat encloses, on three sides, a circular, tree-covered mound (c 6ft high), the top of which has been flattened. The whole area is 110ft in diameter. Thought to be a barrow of pre-Roman date? There is no knowledge of it being excavated although it looks disturbed (OS map record).
Possibly a Roman barrow (Andrews 1905).
"Tumulus, moated, west of Cole Green - condition fairly good" (RCHME).
A windmill mound situated in an exposed ridge top position. Measuring overall c 26.0m in diameter and 2.2m above the ditch level, the mound has a flat top with a circular depression 0.5m deep. The surrounding ditch is c 4.0m wide and 1.3m deep, and is waterfilled on the E side. A causeway is on the roadside (south). The feature is not shown on the tithe map of c 1837, which shows no significant names (F1 JRL 06-FEB-75).
TL 426312. Moated mound at Cole Green-scheduled. (Listed under Castles and Fortifications) (DOE).
TL 425312. Possible site of a castle, discribed as a large irregular mound with a surrounding wet ditch retained by a strong counterscarp bank on the S side (Renn). (PastScape)

Circular mound c26m diameter and c4m high surrounded by a now dry moat with a portion on the S side infilled. Once thought possibly a Roman or earlier barrow, but the OS call it a windmill mound, with a flat top and a 50cm deep depression in it, and Renn describes it as possibly a castle. (Hertfordshire HER)

Marked as 'mill mound' on modern OS map. Away from village and does not seem to be manorial centre. No evidence of a bailey, although a barn used to stand on the south side of the road opposite the mound. Gatehouse considers on broad topographic grounds most probably a mill mound.
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Sources of information, references and further reading
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This record last updated 26/07/2017 09:19:31

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