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Sandown Castle, Isle of Wight

Also known as, or recorded in historical documents as;
Sandham Castle; Sandumffort

In the civil parish of Sandown.
In the historic county of Hampshire and the Isle of Wight.
Modern Authority of Isle of Wight.
1974 county of Isle of Wight.
Medieval County of Hampshire, Isle of Wight.

OS Map Grid Reference: SZ605846
Latitude 50.65669° Longitude -1.14691°

Sandown Castle, Isle of Wight has been described as a certain Artillery Fort.

There are no visible remains.


The first Sandown Castle was built between 1537 and 1540 and formed part of the defence scheme of the southern seaboard. It was of the usual Tudor form with a rear building and a gun platform towards the sea and was erected on land now overflowed by the sea; it had a landing-stage, as in 1618 timber was supplied for mending the pier and planking the platform. As it was built too near the shore, the sea began to encroach and undermine its walls, which by the beginning of the 17th century had got into a ruinous state. In 1627 Charles I promised to have it repaired, but nothing was done till 1631, when it was taken down by Sir John Oglander, and a new fort built nearer Yaverland to the north (VCH)

Although nothing remains of the castle, its possible foundations can be seen at low tide. Plans and accounts of the castle have survived which provide a good indication of the castle's form. It consisted of a square keep with a curtain wall with two bastions on the landward side and a semi-circular bastion on the seaward which would have supported the main guns. One of the landward bastions was square and the other was angled and was one of the earliest examples of this Italianate style of defences to be used in England. (PastScape)

This was the earliest fort in England to have been built with an arrow-headed bastion. The entrance in the north-west curtain was covered by an adjacent square keep surrounded by an open courtyard. The seaward face of the fort was a coast battery with a rounded bastion in the centre, although this may have been furnished with a pointed salient to deflect shot, as at Kingston upon Hull.
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This record last updated 26/07/2017 09:20:06

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