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Brenchley Castle Hill

Also known as, or recorded in historical documents as;

In the civil parish of Brenchley.
In the historic county of Kent.
Modern Authority of Kent.
1974 county of Kent.
Medieval County of Kent.

OS Map Grid Reference: TQ69224279
Latitude 51.15934° Longitude 0.41860°

Brenchley Castle Hill has been described as a certain Timber Castle.

There are earthwork remains.

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law.


Despite some subsequent disturbance, the ringwork in Castle Wood immediately south west of Little Knowle survives well, and retains archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction and original use, as well as its abandonment and later reuse. Furthermore, the presence of such a stronghold in this part of Kent is of considerable historical importance in contributing towards our understanding of the early post-Conquest geography of this region. The monument includes a medieval ringwork, formerly interpreted as a motte castle, constructed on the crest of a sandstone and clay spur of Castle Hill, which forms part of the High Weald in Kent. The ringwork is situated north of Castle Hill village. At its centre lies a roughly circular area, measuring up to 60m in diameter, enclosed by a bank which may have originally supported a timber palisade. This bank is encircled by a dry defensive ditch up to 10m wide and about 5m deep, which has become partly waterlogged due to later disturbance. The ditch is in turn encircled by an outer bank, which has since been pierced to allow access to the ditch on its north eastern side. The material from this excavation is deposited in the form of a small, curving earthwork, projecting from the outer edge of the bank. This earthwork feature is included in the scheduling. The ringwork defences are strengthened to the west by the addition of a further ditch with a slight outer bank. Access to the interior was originally by a simple causewayed entrance through the south eastern defences, approached today by a footpath which crosses the ringwork and leaves via a gap, created at a later date, in the north western side of the earthwork. Several timber buildings would once have stood within the central enclosure, although no visible remains of these survive today. Evidence for subsequent reuse of the monument includes a small circular mound and a rectangular enclosure, which partly overlie the encircling bank in the north and west. Metal working slag has also been recovered from the surface of the bank on its north eastern side, indicating that the monument may have been reused for small scale industrial activity. (Scheduling Report)
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Sources of information, references and further reading
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This record last updated 26/07/2017 09:19:31

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