The comprehensive gazetteer and bibliography of the medieval castles, fortifications and palaces of England, Wales, the Islands.
The listings
Other Info
Print Page 
Next Record 
Previous Record 
Back to list 

Melling with Wrayton Castle Mount

Also known as, or recorded in historical documents as;
Melling Motte

In the civil parish of Melling with Wrayton.
In the historic county of Lancashire.
Modern Authority of Lancashire.
1974 county of Lancashire.
Medieval County of Lancashire.

OS Map Grid Reference: SD59877117
Latitude 54.13478° Longitude -2.61558°

Melling with Wrayton Castle Mount has been described as a certain Timber Castle.

There are earthwork remains.

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law.


The motte and bailey castle at Melling is of particular importance as one of a group of early post-conquest (late 11th century) mottes established along the Lune valley. These sites were all of strategic importance, allowing control of movement along the river valley. More importantly, however, was their role in imposing and demonstrating the new post-conquest feudal order on the area. Its earthworks survive well and the lack of subsequent occupation on the site means buried structural remains and environmental evidence are likely to survive well.
The monument at Melling consists of a conical motte with a truncated top situated on a raised knoll 22m above the River Lune floodplain. An adjoining bailey, partly obliterated by Melling church and churchyard, exists in the field to the SW. The monument lies in the garden of the former Melling vicarage and extends for a short distance into a field to the SW. The motte has been landscaped to include a terrace, retaining wall and flight of stone steps. (Scheduling Report)

A lofty earthen mount placed upon an elevated plateau is in the vicarage garden at Melling just 30 yds E. of the church. The site is a fine one being on a little raised knoll at 150ft above sea level and some 75ft above the flat marshy meadows on either side of the wide flooding river. The earthwork, as now seen consists of a mount only but this is placed on an elevated circular plateau which strongly suggests a former base court or bailey. The mount is conical, slightly oval in shape and has a truncated top; it measures some 100ft by 125ft in diameter at its base and its flat summit is about 40ft. across; its height is about 20ft. from the level of the plateau. The base of the mount has been considerably cut and altered by gardening operations so that it now shows a terrace about 15ft. wide all round, retained in parts by a wall below it 5ft high; there is no ditch extant but in all probability a former one has been filled in. The plateau, towards the E. end of which the mount rises was formerly almost circular, measuring 210ft. across its longest remaining diameter. No ramparts or fosses are now visible around this plateau but the ground looks as if it had been considerably altered in mediaeval times. Although not proved by excavation, its position and surroundings distinctly point to its being an earthwork mount castle with probable bailey. (VCH)
Links to archaeological and architectural databases, mapping and other online resources

Data >
PastScape   County HER   Scheduling        
Maps >
Streetmap   NLS maps   Where's the path   Old-Maps      
Data/Maps > 
Magic   V. O. B.   Geology   LiDAR   Open Domesday  
Air Photos > 
Bing Maps   Google Maps   Getmapping   ZoomEarth      
Photos >
CastleFacts   Geograph   Flickr   Panoramio      

Sources of information, references and further reading
Most of the sites or buildings recorded in this web site are NOT open to the public and permission to visit a site must always be sought from the landowner or tenant.
It is an offence to disturb a Scheduled Monument without consent. It is a destruction of everyone's heritage to remove archaeological evidence from ANY site without proper recording and reporting.
Don't use metal detectors on historic sites without authorisation.
The information on this web page may be derived from information compiled by and/or copyright of Historic England, County Historic Environment Records and other individuals and organisations. It may also contain information licensed under the Open Government Licence. All the sources given should be consulted to identify the original copyright holder and permission obtained from them before use of the information on this site for commercial purposes.
The author and compiler of Gatehouse does not receive any income from the site and funds it himself. The information within this site is provided freely for educational purposes only.
The bibliography owes much to various bibliographies produced by John Kenyon for the Council for British Archaeology, the Castle Studies Group and others.
Suggestions for finding online and/or hard copies of bibliographical sources can be seen at this link.
Minor archaeological investigations, such as watching brief reports, and some other 'grey' literature is most likely to be held by H.E.R.s but is often poorly referenced and is unlikely to be recorded here, or elsewhere, but some suggestions can be found here.
The possible site or monument is represented on maps as a point location. This is a guide only. It should be noted that OS grid references defines an area, not a point location. In practice this means the actual center of the site or monument may often, but not always, be to the North East of the point shown. Locations derived from OS grid references and from latitude longitiude may differ by a small distance.
Further information on mapping and location can be seen at this link.
Please help to make this as useful a resource as possible by contacting Gatehouse if you see errors, can add information or have suggestions for improvements in functality and design.
Help is acknowledged.
This record last updated 26/07/2017 09:21:29

Home | Books | Links | Fortifications and Castles | Other Information | Help | Downloads | Author Information | Contact