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Savoy Palace

Also known as, or recorded in historical documents as;
Peter of Savoys House; le Sauvey; Saveye; Savoye

In the civil parish of City Of Westminster.
In the historic county of Middlesex.
Modern Authority of London Borough of Westminster.
1974 county of Greater London.

OS Map Grid Reference: TQ305807
Latitude 51.50971° Longitude -0.12004°

Savoy Palace has been described as a certain Palace.

There are no visible remains.

Description

Embattled palace licensed 1293, sacked by rebels in 1381. Survived until 1820. Site now occupied by Savoy Hotel.

The Savoy, so named of Peter Earle of Savoy, who there dwelt, which Queene Aeleonor wife to King Henrie the Third purchased of the fraternity of Mont-joy, and gave it to her sonne Edmund Earle of Lancaster. Whose posterity dwelt in it a long time untill that King Henrie the Seaventh dedicated it as an hospitall for the poore. (Camden)

1246 land of Brian de l'aisle granted to Peter of Savoy to build a palace. 1381 badly damaged due to the unpopularity of the then owner John of Gaunt and the site neglected. It came to the crown as part of the estate of the duchy of lancaster & was then put to various uses, including a prison. little is known of the buildings but there was a great hall, stables, chapel, cloister, river gate, garden & fish ponds. Site later rebuilt as hospital of St John (see 081295). it is possible that elements of the original palace may have survived into the 18th century and that the precinct was walled (it received a licence to crenelate in 1293). (Greater London HER)

The Savoy Palace was licensed in 1293 to be crenellated by Edmund of Lancaster, perhaps inaugurating a fashion in and around the city. Its 'houses, walls and enclosures' are mentioned in 1324. Henry of Lancaster's inquisition post mortem (1362) shows it comprised nine shops and 'the messuage called the "Saveye" '. This 'manor' was burned in the 1381 insurrection. (Coulson, 1982)
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Sources of information, references and further reading
  • County Historic Environment Record (or Sites and Monuments Record) number(s) 081294/00/00.
  • Books
    • Goodall, John, 2011, The English Castle 1066-1650 (Yale University Press) p. 293, 295, 304
      Emery, Anthony, 2006, Greater Medieval Houses of England and Wales Vol. 3 Southern England (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press) p. 240-3
      Salter, Mike, 2002, Index and Amendments to Mike Salter's English Castles Books (Malvern: Folly Publications) p. 10
      Schofield, J., 1994, Medieval London Houses (Yale University Press) p. 138
      Weinreb, Ben and Hibbert, Christopher (eds), 1983 (rev edn 1993), The London Encyclopeadia (Macmillian) p. 773-4
      James, T.B., 1990, The Palaces of Medieval England (London; Seaby) p. 69, 114-5, 128, 153, 174
      Somerville, R., 1960, The Savoy
      Cowell, L.A., n.d. c. 1921, The Story of the Precinct of the Savoy
      Chancellor, E. Beresford, 1912, The annals of the Strand (Chapman & Hall) p. 160
      Loftie, W.J., 1878, Memorials of the Savoy
      Timbs, J. and Gunn, A., 1872, Abbeys, Castles and Ancient Halls of England and Wales Vol. 1 (London) p. 63-70 online copy
      Turner, T.H. and Parker, J.H., 1859, Some account of Domestic Architecture in England (Oxford) Vol. 3 Part 2 p. 404 online copy
  • Periodical Articles
    • Davis, Philip, 2010-11, 'Crenellated town houses in Medieval England' Castle Studies Group Journal Vol. 24 p. 270-91
      Coulson, C., 1994, 'Freedom to Crenellate by Licence - An Historiographical Revision' Nottingham Medieval Studies Vol. 38 p. 124
      Coulson, C., 1982, 'Hierarchism in Conventual Crenellation: an Essay in the Sociology and Metaphysics of Medieval Fortification' Medieval Archaeology Vol. 26 p. 98 n20 online copy
      Cowie, L.W., 1974, 'The Savoy: palace and hospital' History Today Vol. 24:3 p. 173-9
  • Primary (Medieval documents or transcriptions of such documents - This section is far from complete and the secondary sources should be consulted for full references.)
  • Antiquarian (Histories and accounts from late medieval and early modern writers)
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This record last updated on Saturday, November 15, 2014

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