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Shenley Church End; The Toot

Also known as, or recorded in historical documents as;

In the civil parish of Shenley Church End.
In the historic county of Buckinghamshire.
Modern Authority of Milton Keynes.
1974 county of Buckinghamshire.
Medieval County of Buckinghamshire.

OS Map Grid Reference: SP82853638
Latitude 52.01974° Longitude -0.79408°

Shenley Church End; The Toot has been described as a probable Timber Castle.

There are earthwork remains.

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law.


The site, known as The Toot, comprises a complex of earthworks covering an area of circa 4 hectares, including a large motte like mound after which the site is named. These earthworks mark the probable site of a medieval or post-medieval house, possibly of manorial status, with gardens and associated enclosures. At least two distinct phases of medieval or post-medieval layout can be recognised as well as possible further landscaping in C18. The site is a Scheduled Ancient Monument (Bucks 91), although its scheduling classification as a motte and bailey cannot directly be substantiated from the field evidence. However, the possibility remains that the large mound is an unrecorded motte which has been incorporated into the later garden landscaping. A 1974 field investigator's suggestion that the house site reuses an earlier medieval homestead moat would also seem correct. (PastScape–ref. Stewart Ainsworth, 1989)

Some online sources give the precise date of 1239 as the date of construction of this motte. No source is however given. The tenurial history given in the VCH would suggest construction by Hugh the tenant of Earl Hugh of Chester shortly after the Conquest or during the C12 when the tenants were the Maunsell.
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Sources of information, references and further reading
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The bibliography owes much to various bibliographies produced by John Kenyon for the Council for British Archaeology, the Castle Studies Group and others.
Suggestions for finding online and/or hard copies of bibliographical sources can be seen at this link.
Minor archaeological investigations, such as watching brief reports, and some other 'grey' literature is most likely to be held by H.E.R.s but is often poorly referenced and is unlikely to be recorded here, or elsewhere, but some suggestions can be found here.
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This record last updated 26/07/2017 09:21:02

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