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Caister Castle

Also known as, or recorded in historical documents as;

In the civil parish of West Caister.
In the historic county of Norfolk.
Modern Authority of Norfolk.
1974 county of Norfolk.
Medieval County of Norfolk.

OS Map Grid Reference: TG50481229
Latitude 52.65035° Longitude 1.70085°

Caister Castle has been described as a certain Masonry Castle.

There are masonry ruins/remnants remains.

This is a Grade 1 listed building protected by law*.


Caister Castle was built for Sir John Fastolf from 1432 to circa 1446. It was a brick building rectangular in plan, with angle towers. There are three gunports in the north-west tower and several gunports in the curtain wall. The principal remains of the castle are the north-western angle tower of the main building and the north and west adjoining curtain walls. The surrounding moat has been partially filled in. The internal building remains of the main castle block have been determined by the sinking of trail holes by Mr Hamblen-Thomas. The north east outwork of the castle is thought to be older than the main block. It is the only English example of a 'Wasserburg', a water-ringed castle common in the Rhineland and Flanders, and it was one of the first major brick built buildings in England. (PastScape)

Earthworks, parchmarks and standing walls associated with Caister Castle are visible on aerial photographs. The castle is centred on TG 5048 1229. The castle moat is rectangular in plan and is largely extant and water filled. It has external dimensions of 122m by 78m and is up to 18m wide. Two spurs from the main moat divide the inner court in the southwest from an outer courtyard to the northeast. These are not extant and are visible on aerial photographs as shallow earthworks and cropmarks. A parchmark crossing between these two infilled spurs appears to mark the position of a bridge or causeway. This parchmark continues along the northeast side of these sections of former moat indicting the presence of a track or road within the courtyard. Positive cropmarks cutting across the area of the bridge or causeway may represent drains leading into the moat. A single linear parchmark, probably marking the position of a wall is present in the eastern part of the outer courtyard. It extends for 11m on a northwest to southeast alignment parallel to the outer wall of the courtyard and may be part of a lean-to type structure. Extant remains of walls are clearly visible around the inner courtyard of the castle. These are the exterior walls of a range of buildings that surrounded the courtyard. Two square parchmarks, representing buried walls, are present either side of the causeway or bridge leading to the outer courtyard. (Norfolk HER–J. Albone, 13 June 2005)

Eastern, or outer court, late C14 or early C15. Western, or inner, court 1432-43 (when licence to fortify granted). Built for Sir John Fastolfe by William Granour "Master of the new work". Last buildings roofed and tiled 1468 when in possession of Sir John Paston. Brick with ashlar dressings. Full building accounts survive 1432-35. Both courts surrounded by moat with spur of moat separating them. (Listing report)

It is difficult to know what the listing report means by a 'licence to fortify'. No licence to crenellate is in either the Patent or Charter Roll calendars. In 1443 Falstolf is granted for life a number of ships to transport food and building materials for his, unidentified, house which might be Caister or possibly Rye House on the navigable River Lee (CPR p. 206). Otherwise this seems to be a gross misreading of the licence granted to Rye House. Blomefield also states a licence was given although he gives no details beyond "King Henry V. gave license to build it as strong as himself should devise."
Besieged in 1469.
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This record last updated 26/07/2017 09:20:06

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