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A comprehensive gazetteer and bibliography of the medieval castles, fortifications and palaces of England, Wales and the Islands.
 
 
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Burradon Tower

Also known as, or recorded in historical documents as;
Burrowton

In the civil parish of Longbenton.
In the historic county of Northumberland.
Modern Authority of North Tyneside.
1974 county of Tyne and Wear.

OS Map Grid Reference: NZ27637303
Latitude 55.05100° Longitude -1.56905°

Burradon Tower has been described as a certain Tower House.

There are masonry ruins/remnants remains.

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law.
This is a Grade 2 listed building protected by law*.

Description

Burradon Tower is a well-preserved example of a tower house and is one of the latest examples of this building type. The monument includes the remains of Burradon Tower, which are situated immediately east of the main farmhouse of Burradon Farm. Burradon Tower, which is Listed Grade II, is a three storey tower house, approximately 7.5m high and 7.7m by 6.9m wide, with a single chamber on each floor reached by a newel stair in the south east corner. It is constructed of sandstone blocks with walls generally surviving to a course of corbels at a height of 7m, which supported the built out battlements. The walls are of a greater height in the south east corner, where they survive to a height of 7.5m. Sections of the east, south and west walls have been lost and only survive to the first floor level. To the exterior, the north elevation contains a crude doorway, which has been fashioned from a slit window, approximately 2m high. This north elevation also has a complete row of corbels at its top. The east elevation contains an entrance at the ground floor, a slit window in the north end at first floor level, a cut-in roof line for an attached building also at first floor level. The roof line marks where 19th century farm buildings (depicted on the first edition Ordnance Survey 1:2500 map) were attached. The south elevation contains a doorway (believed to date from the 19th century) at ground level, three windows on the east side lighting the newel stair, and cut-in sockets for roof timbers of attached buildings. The central portion of the west elevation survives to first floor level only. Internal features include a complete, slightly pointed, vault to the ground floor and a south east newel stair leading to the upper floors. Plaster is preserved on the walls of the ground floor and on the walls of the newel stair. In the first floor chamber a fireplace is sited against the east wall. Five metres to the north east of the tower is a circular depression identified as the site of a well. A large amount of the building stone is apparent in the enclosed area around the tower. The tower is believed to have been built in the 16th century and continued in occupation into the 17th century, but is depicted as ruins on Armstrong's tithe map of 1769. By the 19th century the tower had become part of an adjoining farm and the lower two chambers had been made habitable by the construction of an internal tiled roof. This adjoining farm is shown on the first edition Ordnance Survey 1:2500 map of 1858, with the tower forming the north west corner of the farm with buildings attached to its east and south sides. By the second edition Ordnance Survey 1:2500 map of the early 20th century the tower stood alone in the present farm complex. The tower was conserved in 1977. (Scheduling Report)

Tower house. Mid C16. Sandstone rubble with long quoins. Square plan, one bay; basement and 2 floors. Chamfered surround to elliptical-headed doorway on east elevation; slit window above at right. Left return has inserted doorway with wood jambs and lintel beneath stone lintel; sill of 3-light stone-mullioned window at first floor; 2 small square windows at right on first and second floors; fragments of corbel table and parapet with machicolation, on 3 deep corbels, above east door. Ruinous at time of survey. (Listed Building Report)
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Sources of information, references and further reading
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The author and compiler of Gatehouse does not receive any income from the site and funds it himself. The information within this site is provided freely for educational purposes only.
The bibliography owes much to various bibliographies produced by John Kenyon for the Council for British Archaeology, the Castle Studies Group and others.
Suggestions for finding online and/or hard copies of bibliographical sources can be seen at this link.
Minor archaeological investigations, such as watching brief reports, and some other 'grey' literature is most likely to be held by H.E.R.s but is often poorly referenced and is unlikely to be recorded here, or elsewhere, but some suggestions can be found here.
The possible site or monument is represented on maps as a point location. This is a guide only. It should be noted that OS grid references defines an area, not a point location. In practice this means the actual center of the site or monument may often, but not always, be to the North East of the point shown. Locations derived from OS grid references and from latitude longitiude may differ by a small distance.
Further information on mapping and location can be seen at this link.
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*The listed building may not be the actual medieval building, but a building on the site of, or incorporating fragments of, the described site.
This record last updated on Saturday, September 20, 2014

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