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Knockburn Farmhouse

In the civil parish of Allendale.
In the historic county of Northumberland.
Modern Authority of Northumberland.
1974 county of Northumberland.
Medieval County of Northumberland.

OS Map Grid Reference: NY83905088
Latitude 54.85242° Longitude -2.25234°

Knockburn Farmhouse has been described as a probable Bastle.

There are masonry ruins/remnants remains.


Measures 8.4m x 6m overall, side wall 0.8m. Now a house and much altered (Ryder 1984).
Knockburn is one of a small group of bastles in Allendale which lie low beside a stream. It stands on the west bank of the Knockshield Burn, a little above its junction with the East Allen. The central part of the farmhouse, which was extensively altered c.1980, is a bastle measuring c.8.35m by 6.2m externally, with walls 0.8m-1m thick. Boulder plinth and typical quoining are visible, although the external walls are heavily mortared and whitewashed. All the present openings are relatively modern; rebuilding seems to have removed the north east quoin. There is an outshut, perhaps of 18th century date, running most of the length of the west wall; much more recently the house has been extended into a former farmbuilding adjoining the north end of the bastle. The external face of the south end wall is visible within an adjacent barn, and seems to be of undisturbed masonry, suggesting that the original byre entrance was in the north end. Internally a single ground floor room occupies the whole of the bastle. At its north end is a projecting fireplace, incorporating a bressumer beam and trimmer which must have carried a firehood at one time; the bressumer has been partly cut away but its stub end remains in the east wall. These presumably date to a late 17th century remodelling. The rubble masonry of the internal face of the west wall is exposed, with three blocked features; the smaller, close to the north end, appears to be a small wall cupboard or locker; the other two are either slit vents or small windows and could date either to the original bastle or the first remodelling (Ryder 1994-5). (Northumberland HER)
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This record last updated 26/07/2017 09:21:27

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