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Penpeugh Bastle

In the civil parish of Bardon Mill.
In the historic county of Northumberland.
Modern Authority of Northumberland.
1974 county of Northumberland.
Medieval County of Northumberland.

OS Map Grid Reference: NY776626196
Latitude 54.95176° Longitude -2.36650°

Penpeugh Bastle has been described as a probable Bastle.

There are major building remains.

This is a Grade 2 listed building protected by law*.


Cottage, dated WA on lintel, incorporating earlier fabric, 1751 now agricultural store. Rubble, stone dressings, stone slate roof. Single storey, 2 bays. Central boarded door with chamfered surround and alternating jambs, flanked by blocked 2-light chamfered mullioned windows. Rear elevation has inserted cart entrance spanned by re-set C16 moulded beam, (c.f. Partridge Nest Farmhouse, probably from Willimontswick). To left low blocked doorway with monolithic lintel of bastle house type. Interior not seen. (Listed Building Report)

Solitary bastle, 9.0 x 6.3m externally, with side walls 0.94m thick. Byre entrance on long wall. Present state - farm building (Ryder 1990).
Penpeugh is a remote farm high on Ridley Common. On the south side of the farmhouse is a barn, originally a bastle.
The building measures c.9m by 6.3m externally and is built of heavy rubble with roughly shaped quoins; the upper part of the east wall and the section of the north wall east of the cart entrance are clearly rebuilt in smaller stone. The north wall is 0.83m thick and the south wall 0.94m; the building was largely full of hay when visited, so that the thickness of the end walls could not be ascertained.
The south wall has a square headed doorway set slightly east of centre, flanked by two-light mullioned windows; all the openings have narrow chamfers to their surroundings, and all seems to be of 18th century date. The end walls appear to be featureless; on the north is a large central cart entrance of no great age, utilising as its lintel an elaborately moulded beam, with hollow chamfers above and below a single large roll on each face. There are similar beams reused in the farmhouse at Partridge Nest (NY 778641); they may well have originated at Willimoteswick (NY 76 SE 3). To the east of the cart entrance is a blocked square headed doorway with a heavy monolithic lintel, now only 2m above the external ground surface; this would seem to be the original byre doorway of the bastle.
The bastle is a little unusual in having its byre doorway in the long wall; this may indicate that it once formed part of a range of buildings. The buildings seems to have been reduced in height, perhaps at the time of the 18th century remodelling (Ryder 1994-5). (Northumberland HER)

Penpeugh is a remote farm high on Ridley Common. The barn on the south side of the farmhouse was originally a bastle. The original structure was about 9m by 6m and had thick stone walls. It was probably built in the late 16th or early 17th century, though alterations were made in the 18th century. The bastle is unusual in having its main ground floor entrance in the long wall. Usually they were found in the shorter wall of the building. (Keys to the Past)
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This record last updated 26/07/2017 09:21:28

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