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Tweedmouth Castle

Also known as, or recorded in historical documents as;
Tweedmouth Tower; Tiefort

In the civil parish of Berwick upon Tweed.
In the historic county of Northumberland.
Modern Authority of Northumberland.
1974 county of Northumberland.
Medieval County of County Palatinate of Durham.

OS Map Grid Reference: NT99685211
Latitude 55.76234° Longitude -2.00665°

Tweedmouth Castle has been described as a probable Masonry Castle, and also as a probable Palace.

There are no visible remains.


A small castle or fort built before 1202, probably in connection with the bridge, was last mentioned in 1753 when it as referred to as the Old Tower of Tweedmouth. No vestige of the tower now remains. It stood on a rock close to the river, and its site is now covered by dwelling houses and a stable. (Long) A group of buildings at NT 99685211 answers the description above, but they are entirely modern. It seems unlikely that the tower had any connection with the bridge, as the distance between them is approx 600.0m. (F1 DS 02-JUN-67). The castle was built by Philip of Poitou, Bishop of Durham (d.1208) and demolished by the terms of King John's treaty with the King of Scotland in 1209. John himself had spent considerable sums on the castle (Brown). (PastScape)

Approximate site of castle started in 1203 by Philip of Poitiers, Bishop of Durham and continued by King John. Twice attacked during it's building by the Scots and razed to the ground. In 1209 King William of Scotland and King John of England met and signed a peace treaty in which William paid £4000 for the demolition of the works and John agreed 'to desist for ever from attempting to erect any fortress at Tweedmouth' but in 1215 the Scottish attacked England and the English replied by burning down Berwick and rebuilding the castle. However, the Scottish finally destroyed it for the last time. Another suggested location is Knowe Head at NT976517.
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This record last updated 26/07/2017 09:21:27

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