The comprehensive gazetteer and bibliography of the medieval castles, fortifications and palaces of England, Wales, the Islands.
The listings
Other Info
Print Page 
Next Record 
Previous Record 
Back to list 

Clennell Street Cross Dyke 3

In the civil parish of Biddlestone.
In the historic county of Northumberland.
Modern Authority of Northumberland.
1974 county of Northumberland.
Medieval County of Northumberland.

OS Map Grid Reference: NT90650878
Latitude 55.37307° Longitude -2.14930°

Clennell Street Cross Dyke 3 has been described as a probable Linear Defence or Dyke.

There are cropmark/slight earthwork remains.


Cross dyke, or linear bank and ditch, runs across the narrow neck of land between Hare Sheds and Uplaw Knowe. It measures about 130m long by 5m wide overall. There is a gap where the medieval drove road, called Clennell Street, runs through. The date of the cross dyke is but it may originally have been a prehistoric boundary, reused in the medieval period. A small circular feature, once thought to be a hut circle, has been cut into it at a later date and is now thought to be a cockpit, where cockfighting took place. (Keys to the Past)

Centred NT 90660890 Faint, but I think another cross-dyke ? (Annotated Record Map Corr 6" (Sir W Aitchison Undated).
NT 90650895-NT 90650878. Remains of a turf-covered earthen bank, 2.5m wide, with a maximum height of 0.2m, and a ditch on the west side, 2.5m wide and 0.5m deep maximum, run in a nearly north-south direction from the top of the precipitous slopes above the south banks of the Kidlandlee Burn, across the Clennell Street, to a point some 80.0m to the south of it. The total length of the cross-dyke is approximately 130.0m. The Street passes through a distinct gap (F1 ASP 02-MAY-57).
The feature appears to be no more than a recent drainage channel consisting of a shallow ditch (2.5m x 0.5m deep) with a slight upcast bank (2.5m x 0.2m high) on the east side. In part the ditch is formed by a series of connected rectangular pits. It could not conceivably present any obstruction to the passage of Clennell Street, for in addition to its weak profile, the feature to be effective would need to be extended some 1100m beyond its present southern limit to the next change of contour in the ground (c/f NT 90 NW7) (F2 RE 02-JUL-70). (PastScape)
Links to archaeological and architectural databases, mapping and other online resources

Data >
PastScape   County HER            
Maps >
Streetmap   NLS maps   Where's the path   Old-Maps      
Data/Maps > 
Magic   V. O. B.   Geology   LiDAR   Open Domesday  
Air Photos > 
Bing Maps   Google Maps   Getmapping   ZoomEarth      
Photos >
CastleFacts   Geograph   Flickr   Panoramio      

Sources of information, references and further reading
Most of the sites or buildings recorded in this web site are NOT open to the public and permission to visit a site must always be sought from the landowner or tenant.
It is an offence to disturb a Scheduled Monument without consent. It is a destruction of everyone's heritage to remove archaeological evidence from ANY site without proper recording and reporting.
Don't use metal detectors on historic sites without authorisation.
The information on this web page may be derived from information compiled by and/or copyright of Historic England, County Historic Environment Records and other individuals and organisations. It may also contain information licensed under the Open Government Licence. All the sources given should be consulted to identify the original copyright holder and permission obtained from them before use of the information on this site for commercial purposes.
The author and compiler of Gatehouse does not receive any income from the site and funds it himself. The information within this site is provided freely for educational purposes only.
The bibliography owes much to various bibliographies produced by John Kenyon for the Council for British Archaeology, the Castle Studies Group and others.
Suggestions for finding online and/or hard copies of bibliographical sources can be seen at this link.
Minor archaeological investigations, such as watching brief reports, and some other 'grey' literature is most likely to be held by H.E.R.s but is often poorly referenced and is unlikely to be recorded here, or elsewhere, but some suggestions can be found here.
The possible site or monument is represented on maps as a point location. This is a guide only. It should be noted that OS grid references defines an area, not a point location. In practice this means the actual center of the site or monument may often, but not always, be to the North East of the point shown. Locations derived from OS grid references and from latitude longitiude may differ by a small distance.
Further information on mapping and location can be seen at this link.
Please help to make this as useful a resource as possible by contacting Gatehouse if you see errors, can add information or have suggestions for improvements in functality and design.
Help is acknowledged.
This record last updated 26/07/2017 09:21:27

Home | Books | Links | Fortifications and Castles | Other Information | Help | Downloads | Author Information | Contact