The comprehensive gazetteer and bibliography of the medieval castles, fortifications and palaces of England, Wales, the Islands.
The listings
Other Info
Print Page 
Next Record 
Previous Record 
Back to list 

Low Old Shield Farmhouse, Greenhead

In the civil parish of Greenhead.
In the historic county of Northumberland.
Modern Authority of Northumberland.
1974 county of Northumberland.
Medieval County of Northumberland.

OS Map Grid Reference: NY66826689
Latitude 54.99552° Longitude -2.52020°

Low Old Shield Farmhouse, Greenhead has been described as a certain Bastle.

There are major building remains.

This is a Grade 2 listed building protected by law*.


Bastle house now a farmhouse. Late C16-early C17 with c.1700 openings on front; C19 outshut on rear. Coursed rubble; Welsh slate roof; stone and brick chimneys. Original entry in left gable end. 2 storeys, 2 bays. Huge boulder plinth on front and returns. Late C19 gabled stone porch with replaced door to left of centre. Moulded Tudor-arched doorway with run-out stops on front wall inside porch. 6-pane sash in C19 openings at ground-floor right. Replaced casements elsewhere in fragmentary double-chamfered surrounds. Window on first-floor right retains a chamfered stone mullion; possibly re-used Roman wall masonry to right of this window. Roof has coped right gable. Left end stone stack with top ledge; rebuilt brick right end stack. Blocked original doorway with alternating jambs on gabled left return. Single-storey added rear outshut with pent roof. Interior: 1.25-metre thick walls; both ground-floor rooms have adzed ceiling beams of heavy scantling; chimney flue inserted in front of original gable-end entry. Farmbuilding on right return is not of special interest. (Listed Building Report 1987)

Rectangular building, 6.7m x 10.3m, with walls 1.25m thick, of roughly coursed rubble including many reused Roman stones. 18th century out shut to rear (north). Boulder plinth. West end has central square-headed byre entrance door, now blocked, with roll-moulded surround and traces of blocked slit window above. South wall has later 17th century moulded Tudor arched doorway inside later porch; directly above porch is stone spout for slop stone. To west of porch former two-light mullioned window with sill lowered; similar window above, both having lost their mullions. East of porch is a 19th century window with three-light mullioned window above (one mullion removed). East end re-faced or rebuilt. Interior: ground floor rooms have heavy transverse beams (Ryder, P F 16-JUL-90 Field Investigation).
Bastle now converted into a farmhouse. Beside tributary of Tipalt Burn 1km north of Roman Wall. The blocked, square-headed byre entrance with a roll-moulded surround is a common form in north Tynedale but less so in the valleys of the South Tyne and its tributaries. Bastle was remodelled in late 17th century into a more conventional two-storey house - the south wall may have been refaced at this time. There are heavy closely-set transverse beams inside the house over both ground floor rooms, these may be original (Ryder 1990). (Northumberland HER)
Links to archaeological and architectural databases, mapping and other online resources

Data >
PastScape   County HER       Listing   I. O. E.
Maps >
Streetmap   NLS maps   Where's the path   Old-Maps      
Data/Maps > 
Magic   V. O. B.   Geology   LiDAR   Open Domesday  
Air Photos > 
Bing Maps   Google Maps   Getmapping   ZoomEarth      
Photos >
CastleFacts   Geograph   Flickr   Panoramio      

Sources of information, references and further reading
Most of the sites or buildings recorded in this web site are NOT open to the public and permission to visit a site must always be sought from the landowner or tenant.
It is an offence to disturb a Scheduled Monument without consent. It is a destruction of everyone's heritage to remove archaeological evidence from ANY site without proper recording and reporting.
Don't use metal detectors on historic sites without authorisation.
The information on this web page may be derived from information compiled by and/or copyright of Historic England, County Historic Environment Records and other individuals and organisations. It may also contain information licensed under the Open Government Licence. All the sources given should be consulted to identify the original copyright holder and permission obtained from them before use of the information on this site for commercial purposes.
The author and compiler of Gatehouse does not receive any income from the site and funds it himself. The information within this site is provided freely for educational purposes only.
The bibliography owes much to various bibliographies produced by John Kenyon for the Council for British Archaeology, the Castle Studies Group and others.
Suggestions for finding online and/or hard copies of bibliographical sources can be seen at this link.
Minor archaeological investigations, such as watching brief reports, and some other 'grey' literature is most likely to be held by H.E.R.s but is often poorly referenced and is unlikely to be recorded here, or elsewhere, but some suggestions can be found here.
The possible site or monument is represented on maps as a point location. This is a guide only. It should be noted that OS grid references defines an area, not a point location. In practice this means the actual center of the site or monument may often, but not always, be to the North East of the point shown. Locations derived from OS grid references and from latitude longitiude may differ by a small distance.
Further information on mapping and location can be seen at this link.
Please help to make this as useful a resource as possible by contacting Gatehouse if you see errors, can add information or have suggestions for improvements in functality and design.
Help is acknowledged.
*The listed building may not be the actual medieval building, but a building on the site of, or incorporating fragments of, the described site.
This record last updated 26/07/2017 09:21:29

Home | Books | Links | Fortifications and Castles | Other Information | Help | Downloads | Author Information | Contact