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Chesterwood West Farm Cottage

Also known as, or recorded in historical documents as;
Chesterwood 3

In the civil parish of Haydon.
In the historic county of Northumberland.
Modern Authority of Northumberland.
1974 county of Northumberland.
Medieval County of Northumberland.

OS Map Grid Reference: NY82976517
Latitude 54.98075° Longitude -2.26757°

Chesterwood West Farm Cottage has been described as a certain Bastle, and also as a probable Urban Defence.

There are masonry ruins/remnants remains.

This is a Grade 2 listed building protected by law*.


Bastle house, C16 or early C17 altered C18 and C19. Large rubble, massive quoins, stone dressings, slate roof, stone stack on left gable. Front elevation: 2 storeys, 2 windows and central door. C18 doorway with chamfered surround, windows C19 sashes in C18 openings with tooled splayed lintels and slightly projecting tooled sills. Remains of blocked 1st floor door above front door. Rear elevation altered. (Listed Building Report)

West Farm Cottage (Chesterwood iii) bastle. Externally measures 8.25m by 6.37m, this remains in use as a house. The walls, 0.85m to 0.9m thick, are of typical bastle fabric with large roughly squared quoins at the western angles. The two bay south elevation has sash windows with wedge lintels, and a central doorway with a chamfered stone surround, all with distinctive vertical tooling. Between the two upper windows the remains of the jambs of the original upper doorway are visible. The present doorway is now concealed by a modern porch, with an outer doorway reusing an old doorhead with a flat-pointed arch inside a square frame, and the incised inscription '1608 TH WH'; this appears to have been imported from elsewhere. There is a modern doorway in the rear wall (the c.1860 OS 25 inch map shows a small wing here), and two small windows; the upper may be original. The west gable has a raised coping of large shaped stones, and carried a heavy square stack, which may be contemporary. Inside, the main ground floor room has a large square headed fireplace on the west wall, with tooling similar to that of the doorway and windows on the south, and circular bread oven at its rear. The eastern of the southern windows incorporates some large shaped blocks from an earlier opening (presumably reset) in its east jamb. The first floor beams are probably of late 18th or early 19th century date, and carry old broad floorboards; the stair is modern. At first floor level there is a good 18th century fireplace with a moulded basket arch and a bolection moulded cornice. In the attic an old roof truss, set centrally, is partially exposed; this is of simple principal rafter type, with a diagonally set ridge and a single heavy purlin on each roof slope. The chimney at the west end has a tapering brick flue and a stone top, set on internal corbels (Ryder 1994-5). (Northumberland HER)

One of a number of bastles in small group forming hamlet (5 according to RCHME report, Dodds can only safely count 3, a local newspaper claimed 13 originally, SMR gives details of 7 bastles.). The Chesterwood Group of Bastles could be considered to amount to a defended village.
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This record last updated 26/07/2017 09:21:27

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