The comprehensive gazetteer and bibliography of the medieval castles, fortifications and palaces of England, Wales, the Islands.
The listings
Other Info
Print Page 
Next Record 
Previous Record 
Back to list 

Middle Row Bastle, Kirkhaugh

In the civil parish of Knaresdale with Kirkhaugh.
In the historic county of Northumberland.
Modern Authority of Northumberland.
1974 county of Northumberland.
Medieval County of Northumberland.

OS Map Grid Reference: NY70264983
Latitude 54.84240° Longitude -2.46450°

Middle Row Bastle, Kirkhaugh has been described as a probable Bastle.

There are masonry ruins/remnants remains.


The present house consists of a two storeyed block, c.10.7m by 6.4m, with a lower outshut on the north east and an outbuilding 11.6m long at the north west end. The house itself may be a bastle derivative type; its present openings are mostly 19th century but there are traces of a blocked doorway at first floor level in the south east end, and a blocked window above the present doorway in the south west wall. The angle quoins, best seen at the southern angle, are quite heavy side alternate rather than face alternate form.
Reset above the window of a single storey outbuilding at the south east end is a lintel inscribed 'NT 1681: OCTOBER 6'; beneath has been added 'SW.RB 1867'; the dates may be those of the construction and remodelling of the house. The outshut towards the road has a blocked doorway, and seems unlikely to be later than the mid 18th century. The north west end wall of the house, however, represents the south east end of an earlier house, the north east wall of which also survives in the outbuilding (now forming an internal wall between the outbuilding and a 19th century extension). The quoining of the southern corner of this building, with elongate roughly shaped slabs, is clearly visible with, just below the eaves, a reused head or sill of a small opening with a roll moulded surround. Internally, the end wall of the earlier building shows a central recess, presumably the rear arch of a blocked doorway, with above it (at first floor levels) a pair of blocked wall cupboards and a blocked opening near the centre of the wall with a roughly projecting area of stonework below it. In the north east wall of the house are several features of interest, all at what was once first floor level; from south east to north west these are a blocked window, a square headed recess containing a stone bowl or slopstone, with projecting sill and a stone spout projecting from the external face of the wall, a window with a stout timber frame and central bar, set towards the centre of the wall, and a blocked wall cupboard.
The other two walls of the outbuilding, and the pent roofed extension on its north east side, are clearly of 19th century date; the extension is not shown on the c.1860 OS map. The earlier building at Middle Row has certainly been a first floor house of bastle or bastle derivative type. The long continuity of this type of building in this area makes dating uncertain, but it probably falls within the first half of the 17th century. The reset '1681' datestone seems more likely to have come from the present house; the supplementary inscription suggests that both outbuilding and house were presumably remodelled in 1867.
The slopstone and projecting spout are typical bastle features; this is probably one of the best preserved examples (Ryder 1994-5). (Northumberland HER)
Links to archaeological and architectural databases, mapping and other online resources

Data >
    County HER            
Maps >
Streetmap   NLS maps   Where's the path   Old-Maps      
Data/Maps > 
Magic   V. O. B.   Geology   LiDAR   Open Domesday  
Air Photos > 
Bing Maps   Google Maps   Getmapping   ZoomEarth      
Photos >
CastleFacts   Geograph   Flickr   Panoramio      

Sources of information, references and further reading
Most of the sites or buildings recorded in this web site are NOT open to the public and permission to visit a site must always be sought from the landowner or tenant.
It is an offence to disturb a Scheduled Monument without consent. It is a destruction of everyone's heritage to remove archaeological evidence from ANY site without proper recording and reporting.
Don't use metal detectors on historic sites without authorisation.
The information on this web page may be derived from information compiled by and/or copyright of Historic England, County Historic Environment Records and other individuals and organisations. It may also contain information licensed under the Open Government Licence. All the sources given should be consulted to identify the original copyright holder and permission obtained from them before use of the information on this site for commercial purposes.
The author and compiler of Gatehouse does not receive any income from the site and funds it himself. The information within this site is provided freely for educational purposes only.
The bibliography owes much to various bibliographies produced by John Kenyon for the Council for British Archaeology, the Castle Studies Group and others.
Suggestions for finding online and/or hard copies of bibliographical sources can be seen at this link.
Minor archaeological investigations, such as watching brief reports, and some other 'grey' literature is most likely to be held by H.E.R.s but is often poorly referenced and is unlikely to be recorded here, or elsewhere, but some suggestions can be found here.
The possible site or monument is represented on maps as a point location. This is a guide only. It should be noted that OS grid references defines an area, not a point location. In practice this means the actual center of the site or monument may often, but not always, be to the North East of the point shown. Locations derived from OS grid references and from latitude longitiude may differ by a small distance.
Further information on mapping and location can be seen at this link.
Please help to make this as useful a resource as possible by contacting Gatehouse if you see errors, can add information or have suggestions for improvements in functality and design.
Help is acknowledged.
This record last updated 26/07/2017 09:21:28

Home | Books | Links | Fortifications and Castles | Other Information | Help | Downloads | Author Information | Contact