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Stable Cottages, Wall

In the civil parish of Wall.
In the historic county of Northumberland.
Modern Authority of Northumberland.
1974 county of Northumberland.
Medieval County of Northumberland.

OS Map Grid Reference: NY91746902
Latitude 55.01556° Longitude -2.13083°

Stable Cottages, Wall has been described as a probable Bastle, and also as a certain Urban Defence.

There are masonry ruins/remnants remains.

This is a Grade 2 listed building protected by law*.


Possible bastle of uncertain form. Walls 0.9m thick, with first floor door in long wall. Present state - house (Ryder 1990).
The older part of Stable Cottage forms the central part of what was formerly a row of three cottages to the south west of St George's Church. Stable cottage has recently been linked to the western cottage to form a single dwelling. The old part of Stable Cottage is a bastle of slightly trapezoidal plan, 9.8m by 6.3m externally. The walling is of rubble with large roughly squared quoins; the front wall is c.0.9m thick and the end walls c.1m thick, although the north wall (possibly thinned or rebuilt?) is only 0.7m. The front wall retains both its original doorways, although the present windows are of 19th century date. The byre doorway, set more or less centrally, has a chamfered surround; its head is now square, but the manner in which this is cut up into the soffit of the lintel shows that the present form is a modification; quite possibly the original head was flat pointed, like that of the upper doorway, off set slightly to the east, which remains intact but blocked up (internally its recess serves as a wall cupboard). Traces of a possible original window are visible to the east of the eastern first floor window. Both gables had a raised coping of large trapezoidal blocks. The lower parts of the end walls are covered by adjacent cottages and the majority of the rear elevation by a later outshut. Internally a few old features are exposed; both ground floor rooms have some heavy and irregular transverse ceiling beams, possibly reset. At first floor level there is a heavy ceiling beam, neatly cambered and chamfered, just short of the east end. At attic level it can be seen that this carried the front of a stone flue or hood, part of one side wall of which remains (presumably carried by a trimmer spanning the gap between the end wall and the beam); the present stone stack is set further back. There is also an internal stone flue running up the inside of the east gable; at attic level this has been patched in brick, possibly the result of the removal of a fireplace. There is a local tradition that there were fireplaces in the attic, which is said to have served as a hideout for a Jacobite refugee in the later 17th century. The roof structure is of three bays, with two principal rafter trusses, which may be original; the western has a notched in collar. The lower parts of the tie beams are exposed as ceiling beams at first floor level (Ryder 1994-5). (Northumberland HER)

One of a number of strongly built houses and bastles around the original large green, now somewhat encroached upon, of Wall village which, as a group, make the whole village defensible.
The southern boundary of the medieval village green is a bit unclear. This building may have stood within the green.
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This record last updated 26/07/2017 09:21:27

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