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Black Bourton

Also known as, or recorded in historical documents as;

In the civil parish of Black Bourton.
In the historic county of Oxfordshire.
Modern Authority of Oxfordshire.
1974 county of Oxfordshire.
Medieval County of Oxfordshire.

OS Map Grid Reference: SP28290296
Latitude 51.72465° Longitude -1.59182°

Black Bourton has been described as a Timber Castle although is doubtful that it was such.

There are cropmark/slight earthwork remains.


"Burtuna". The castle was attacked by Henry of Anjou in 1147 - the mound at SP 283 029 is a possible identification near Black Bourton but R H C Davis (English Historical Review 77, p.228) suggests Purton near Cricklade (Wilts). Tumulus shown as a barrow on the David and Charles Sheet 69. Cirencester.
The field was surveyed in 1970. As published, it is 1.3m high and is very spread. It is situated at the southern end of an old ploughing headland, and the possibility that it is a windmill mound cannot be discounted. (Oxfordshire HER)

Quia cum ad civitatem Cricheladam, et ad municipium, quod Burtuna dicitur, quae tunc regii habebantur juris, quasi interius, sine obstaculo, irrupturi advenissent, hinc, cum dedecore effugati, inde, metu eos abigente, festine fuere propulsi. (Sewell)

Propose as Stephanic castle of Burtuna attacked 1147. Burtuna is variously identified as Black Bourton, Oxon (SP286042) and as Purton, Wilts (SU096872) or Burton Grove Farm, Wilts ( SU191891). All sites are near Cricklade, with which this castle is associated. Black Bourton parish was divided into three manors in the C12 (Bourton Winslow, Bourton Inge and Abbot Bourton)

This specific mound seems most unlikely as a castle site of any type. Black Bourton although really this is quite some distance from Cricklade.
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This record last updated 26/07/2017 09:20:08

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