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Pontesbury Village Defences

In the civil parish of Pontesbury.
In the historic county of Shropshire.
Modern Authority of Shropshire.
1974 county of Shropshire.
Medieval County of Shropshire.

OS Map Grid Reference: SJ399060
Latitude 52.64912° Longitude -2.88874°

Pontesbury Village Defences has been described as a probable Urban Defence.

There are no visible remains.


The name and plan of the village suggest that Pontesbury was a settlement of some importance in the Anglo-Saxon period. Pontesbury means the burh in the valley. An oval ring road, now known as Hall Bank to the N, Chapel St to the E, and Brookside to the SW, surrounds most of the older houses in the village. As no significant changes have been made in the alignment of the roads here since at least 1769, this ring road may follow the line of a defensive earthwork (VCH 1968).
An evaluation was carried out in May 1994 on land adjacent to Berwyn, Main Road, Pontesbury by Earthworks Archaeology Services prior to planned residential development of the site. A single trench was excavated back from the line of The Hall Bank, the road running directly north of the site. Beneath the remains of a 19th century features, possibly extraction pits, shown on cartographic sources, were the much truncated remains of at least two phases of earthwork defences. The earlier of two ditches was estimated to be over 2m wide, and may have been associated with the possible remains of a clay rampart on its south side. There was no dating evidence. The line of ditches is approximately 8 to 9m back from the line of the Hall Bank. The evaluation demonstrated that there were significant archaeological deposits underlying the site of the proposed development, and these remains may be associated with an Anglo Saxon defensive circuit running parallel to and perpetuated in the modern road. This report also contains a comprehensive explanatory section on the history of Pontesbury (Walker 1994).
The evaluation showed that there were significant remains but that they were unlikely to survive within 0.60m of the current ground surface. The HEG recommended to SABC that arrangements be made in the planning consent for a programme of archaeological supervision of the ground disturbance to be drawn up, and that any disturbance below 0.60m be agreed beforehand (Haigh 1994). (Shropshire HER)

Map reference for parish church which is the approximate centre of the suggested enclosing circuit.
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Sources of information, references and further reading
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This record last updated 26/07/2017 09:21:32

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