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Norwood Castle, Oaksey

In the civil parish of Oaksey.
In the historic county of Wiltshire.
Modern Authority of Wiltshire.
1974 county of Wiltshire.
Medieval County of Wiltshire.

OS Map Grid Reference: ST98489443
Latitude 51.64867° Longitude -2.02335°

Norwood Castle, Oaksey has been described as a certain Timber Castle.

There are earthwork remains.

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law.


Remains of a Norman motte and bailey, known locally as Norwood Castle. The low flat-topped motte is 1.5m high with a sub circular bailey to the north west, measuring internally 37m north east to south west by 26m transversely. (PastScape)

The Norwood Castle site is important as it is an outstanding example of a small motte and bailey and survives particularly well. The monument has considerable potential for the recovery of archaeological remains in addition to environmental evidence which may give an insight into the economy of people living in and around the site as well as the environment within which the monument was constructed.
The monument includes a Norman motte and bailey earthwork set on high ground overlooking a tributary of the River Thames. It comprises a low flat-topped motte 1.5m high and 20m across surrounded by a moat 0.5m deep and up to 7m wide. To the north-west of the motte is a sub-circular bailey measuring internally 37m from NE-SW and 26m from NW-SE. The bailey is defined both by an earthen bank 1.5m high and a surrounding ditch 1m deep. This remains water-filled on its south-west side. The site is described by Aubrey, an antiquarian, as 'a little citadel with a keepe hill, both moated round'. (Scheduling Report)

The main manorial centre of the large Domesday manor must have been the site near the church - Oaksey manor. Presumably this site represents a sub manor, possible one rather short lived and absorbed into main manor (it being so well preserved because of being abandoned and not redeveloped), held by a knight or serjeant for some military service. However it may just represent the centre of a holding a free tenant (there were 13 in 1299 - four of whom held a yardland) in which case we have a peasant's house dressed up to look like a small castle!
Links to archaeological and architectural databases, mapping and other online resources

Data >
PastScape   County HER   Scheduling        
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Streetmap   NLS maps   Where's the path   Old-Maps      
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Sources of information, references and further reading
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This record last updated 26/07/2017 09:21:27

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