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Carlisle City Wall

Also known as, or recorded in historical documents as;
Bochard Gate; English Gate; Irish Gate; Scotch Gate; Tile Tower, {Bocher Gate, Caldew Gate, Richard Gate (Leland)}

In the civil parish of Carlisle.
In the historic county of Cumberland.
Modern Authority of Cumbria.
1974 county of Cumbria.
Medieval County of Cumberland.

OS Map Grid Reference: NY396562
Latitude 54.89612° Longitude -2.94281°

Carlisle City Wall has been described as a certain Urban Defence.

There are major building remains.

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law.
This is a Grade 1 listed building protected by law*.


The remains of the City Walls begun in the 11th century, strengthened and rebuilt in succeeding centuries, are visible as follows:
(A) Extending southwards from the south west corner of the Castle curtain wall, almost to Annetwell. Grade 1.
(B) At West Walls, extending from Heads Lane northwards to the railway bridge, broken by Elim Gospel Hall and adjacent buildings. Grade 1 (Pevsner; Listed Building Report).
NY 39765594 - 39965577. The section of city wall on West Walls is scheduled.
Remains of City Walls at South West corner of the Castle. Grade I. Part of the City Walls begun in the C11, strenghtened and rebuilt in succeeding centuries, often breached or destroyed. This portion extends southwards from the South West corner of the Castle curtain wall, almost to Annetwell.
Remains of City Walls at West Walls. Grade I. Part of the City Walls begun in C11, strenghtened and rebuilt in succeeding centuries, often breached or destroyed. This portion extends from Heads Lane northwards to the railway bridge, broken by the Elim Gospel Hall and adjacent buildings (Listed Building Report).
The town defences were hardly altered after the 14th century, despite several invasion alarms. The only major construction was that of the Citadel at the south of the town in 1542 (Barley; HKW). (PastScape)

Medieval wall following line of Roman bank. William Rufus is reported to have 'set up walls' in 1092. Walls built in stone, possibly from as early as 1130. First murage grant 1232 and then almost continuously after in C13, less frequently in C14. Cost of repairs covered by intermittent grants of money in C15. West Wall survives and fragment of north wall. Wall dates from C12 with extensive repairs of different periods until current.
Links to archaeological and architectural databases, mapping and other online resources

Data >
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Sources of information, references and further reading
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This record last updated 26/07/2017 09:21:32

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