The comprehensive gazetteer and bibliography of the medieval castles, fortifications and palaces of England, Wales, the Islands.
The listings
Other Info
Print Page 
Next Record 
Previous Record 
Back to list 

Castle Carlton Borough Defences

Also known as, or recorded in historical documents as;
Market Carlton; Karleton

In the civil parish of Reston.
In the historic county of Lincolnshire.
Modern Authority of Lincolnshire.
1974 county of Lincolnshire.
Medieval County of Lincolnshire.

OS Map Grid Reference: TF39658353
Latitude 53.33013° Longitude 0.09488°

Castle Carlton Borough Defences has been described as a Urban Defence although is doubtful that it was such.

There are earthwork remains.


the earthworks of a settlement adjacent to the motte and bailey castle have traditionally been interpreted as the vestiges of the deserted Domesday 'village' of Carlton, references in the C15 source known as the Wigston Manuscript suggest rather the existence of a borough established by the castle lord c.1157-8.
Detailed examination of the site shows this settlement to have been embraced within a rectangular earthwork measuring c. 500m by 140m attached to the castle, seeming to represent the vestiges of earth and timber defences. (Creighton and Higham 2005)

The archaeological evidence is particularly clear in showing that the castle and planted town were located at distinctly separate sites, and it is always certain that the two centres did not emerge contemporaneously as had previously been argued. Rather it appears the motte and bailey was constructed in the 12th or more likely the late 11th century possibly, as part of the early Norman supplement of Lincolnshire. The evidence from the written sources revealed into town at Castle Carlton was established significantly later probably by Robert Bardolph in the 1220s. Bardolf's nascent community was not centred upon the pre-existing castle, however, but was instead located on their major thoroughfare leading eastward towards Great Carlton and the coast. It is possible that the route itself was already in existence when the town was founded, and may have represented one of the informal ways of reaching the areas of salt extraction which characterise the Outmarsh. The new town at Castle Carlton does not appear to have flourished for long if indeed at all, and the market is not mentioned following it first evaluation in 1247. (Wright et al 2015)

Previously (until Nov 2015) recorded as a 'certain' example of an urban defence. However Wright et al seem to suggest the failed C13 borough was at a site somewhat to the east and was undefended and the existing earthwork represents an outer bailey of the castle.
Links to archaeological and architectural databases, mapping and other online resources

Data >
PastScape   County HER            
Maps >
Streetmap   NLS maps   Where's the path   Old-Maps      
Data/Maps > 
Magic   V. O. B.   Geology   LiDAR   Open Domesday  
Air Photos > 
Bing Maps   Google Maps   Getmapping   ZoomEarth      
Photos >
CastleFacts   Geograph   Flickr   Panoramio      

Sources of information, references and further reading
Most of the sites or buildings recorded in this web site are NOT open to the public and permission to visit a site must always be sought from the landowner or tenant.
It is an offence to disturb a Scheduled Monument without consent. It is a destruction of everyone's heritage to remove archaeological evidence from ANY site without proper recording and reporting.
Don't use metal detectors on historic sites without authorisation.
The information on this web page may be derived from information compiled by and/or copyright of Historic England, County Historic Environment Records and other individuals and organisations. It may also contain information licensed under the Open Government Licence. All the sources given should be consulted to identify the original copyright holder and permission obtained from them before use of the information on this site for commercial purposes.
The author and compiler of Gatehouse does not receive any income from the site and funds it himself. The information within this site is provided freely for educational purposes only.
The bibliography owes much to various bibliographies produced by John Kenyon for the Council for British Archaeology, the Castle Studies Group and others.
Suggestions for finding online and/or hard copies of bibliographical sources can be seen at this link.
Minor archaeological investigations, such as watching brief reports, and some other 'grey' literature is most likely to be held by H.E.R.s but is often poorly referenced and is unlikely to be recorded here, or elsewhere, but some suggestions can be found here.
The possible site or monument is represented on maps as a point location. This is a guide only. It should be noted that OS grid references defines an area, not a point location. In practice this means the actual center of the site or monument may often, but not always, be to the North East of the point shown. Locations derived from OS grid references and from latitude longitiude may differ by a small distance.
Further information on mapping and location can be seen at this link.
Please help to make this as useful a resource as possible by contacting Gatehouse if you see errors, can add information or have suggestions for improvements in functality and design.
Help is acknowledged.
This record last updated 26/07/2017 09:19:31

Home | Books | Links | Fortifications and Castles | Other Information | Help | Downloads | Author Information | Contact